Juvenile Delinquency and Recidivism: The Impact of Academic Achievement

  title={Juvenile Delinquency and Recidivism: The Impact of Academic Achievement},
  author={Antonis Katsiyannis and Joseph B. Ryan and Dalun Zhang and Anastasia Spann},
  journal={Reading \& Writing Quarterly},
  pages={177 - 196}
For well over a century, behavioral researchers have attempted to understand the relation between juvenile delinquency and academic achievement. The authors review current literature pertaining to academic achievement and its effect on delinquency. While researchers have not yet been able to establish a direct causal relation between these two variables, it has been demonstrated that poor academic outcomes can adversely affect a child's behavior, and early behavioral problems can lead to poor… 
Ordered Delinquency
It is found that birth order effects on delinquency are spurious and largely products of the analytic methods used in previous tests of the relationship.
Adolescent Females with Limited Delinquency: A Follow-Up on Educational Attainment and Recidivism
Background Research has established a strong relationship between education and later life outcomes, where the connection between different school problems and delinquency have been widely
School Predictors of Violent Criminality in Adulthood
School-related problems such as poor academic performance, truancy, frequent suspensions, and grade repeating have been identified as risk factors for adolescent behavior problems. The purpose of the
School, Social-Communicative, and Academic Challenges Among Delinquents and Juvenile Sexual Offenders
This study explores the association between student factors and delinquency by comparing two groups of adjudicated youth in six Midwestern residential facilities: 331 young men committed for a sexual
Characteristics of Juvenile Delinquents
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the number of juvenile arrests in the United States peaked at over two million arrests, particularly for violent crimes. While juvenile crime rates have declined
Adolescents with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: Patterns of Recidivism
Juvenile delinquency is a persistent problem in the United States, and students with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to become recidivists. This study examined patterns of and factors
A cross-lagged longitudinal study of relations between academic achievement and Korean adolescent delinquency
Objective: Previous studies have shown that academic achievement has a significant effect on juvenile delinquency, with the reverse reported as well. This study, therefore, examined the reciprocal
The Forgotten Child
The purpose of this chapter is twofold: explore problems in juvenile delinquency and derive a macrobarrier to change. Juvenile delinquents have histories and complex needs which are poorly understood
Individual and Familial Variables for Predicting Successful Completion of a Juvenile Justice Diversion Program
A key variable in the success of a juvenile justice diversion program (i.e., avoiding reoffending) is completing the program. Little is known about which variables predict successful completion. The


Academic Remediation/Achievement and other Factors Related to Recidivism Rates among Delinquent Youths
Given the close association of academic achievement with delinquency and recidivism, further examination of the relationship between these variables is warranted. This study examined the records of
Academic Remediation, Parole Violations, and Recidivism Rates Among Delinquent Youths
Given the close association of academic achievement not only to delinquency, but also to recidivism, further examination of this variable is warranted. We examined the records of 505 delinquent males
School Achievement and Delinquency1
Behavorial scientists have long concerned themselves with seeking explanations for juvenile delinquency. While etiology has been attributed to parental relationships, mental deficiency, etc., the
Levels of Academic Achievement and Further Delinquency Among Detained Youth
Several theoretical models emphasize the relationship between educational achievement and delinquency. Overall, this literature assumes that the relationship not only exists for the initiation of
Factors Related to Recidivism Among Delinquent Youths in a State Correctional Facility
Identifying and remediating variables accounting for recidivism has been a persistent and often controversial challenge. We investigated factors that may be related to recidivism among delinquent
Factors Related to Recidivism Among Delinquent Females at a State Correctional Facility
Although much of the research has focused on male delinquents, females are increasingly involved in violent crimes. We investigated factors that may be related to recidivism among delinquent females
Level of functioning and recidivism risk among adolescent offenders.
The results suggest that LOF measures may be associated with risk measures due to a convergence of areas assessed and that the two constructs also may have a relationship analogous to LOF and clinical diagnosis.
Using Civil Representation to Reduce Delinquency among Troubled Youth
The authors find the two Team Child programs in Florida not to be effective in reducing recidivism among the youth but to beeffective in reducing the arrest rate of the recidivating juveniles.
The Relationship Between Learning Disabilities and Persisting Delinquency
Discriminant analysis on parent and subject variables correctly classified 75% of the subjects and revealed that certain personality characteristics, such as impulsivity and poor judgment, discriminate between persisting and nonpersisting delinquency in youth with learning disabilities.
The Prediction of Criminal Recidivism in Juveniles
A meta-analysis was conducted to identify risk factors that best predict juvenile recidivism, defined as rearrest for offending of any kind. Twenty-three published studies, representing 15,265