Juvenile Delinquency and Gender

  title={Juvenile Delinquency and Gender},
  author={Josine Junger-Tas and Denis Ribeaud and Maarten J.L.F. Cruyff},
  journal={European Journal of Criminology},
  pages={333 - 375}
This article considers differences in patterns of youth delinquency and problem behaviour between boys and girls. It uses cross-sectional surveys of self-reported youth offending in 11 European countries, and a similar survey covering various ethnic groups in Rotterdam, both carried out in 1992. These surveys show that there remains a substantial gap in the level of delinquency between girls and boys across all countries and ethnic groups. The findings confirm that weak social controls by… 
Peers and delinquency among girls and boys: Are sex differences in delinquency explained by peer factors?
In this article, we investigate sex differences in the relationship between peers and delinquency. We analyse to what extent peers have different effects on delinquency among girls and boys, and to
Juvenile Delinquency and Gender Revisited
Cross-cultural evidence on the gender gap in delinquency is presented. Based on power-control theory (PCT), gender differences in aggressive behaviour are analysed. We assume that differences in
Sex and Age Differences in the Risk Threshold for Delinquency
ROC analyses revealed only small sex differences in delinquency thresholds, that varied by age, and accumulated levels of risks had a linear relationship with boys’ delinquency and a quadratic relationship with girls' delinquency.
Analyzing Gender Differences in the Relationship between Family Influences and Adolescent Offending among Boys and Girls
The findings show that boys offend more than girls and that there are clear differences in both levels of the family variables and in the associations between the differentfamily variables and offending.
Rates of Self-reported Delinquency among Western Australian Male and Female High School Students: The male–female gender gap
The Adapted Self-Report Delinquency Scale (ASDS) was administered to 328 adolescents (174 males and 154 females) from eight high schools in Perth, Western Australia. The ages of the sample ranged
Gender Differences in Delinquency and Situational Action Theory: A Partial Test
This paper investigates to what extent a recent perspective in criminology, Situational Action Theory, is valid for both males and females and to what extent elements from the theory explain gender
Girls, boys, and schools: gender differences in the relationships between school‐related factors and student deviance
Research has identified several student and school characteristics that might be altered to reduce student deviance. Most of this research, however, fails to address whether gender moderates these
Analyzing Delinquency among Kurdish Adolescents: A Test of Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory
This study examines the mediating effect of social bonding on delinquent behavior among Kurdish teens. Major influences to the study of self concept and delinquency based on Hirschi’s social bonding


Family Correlates of Male and Female Delinquency
This article examines sex differences in family bonds as a possible explanation of sex differences in self-reported delinquent behavior (SRD) among a national probability sample of 1725 adolescents.
This article addresses two issues that have received little attention in empirical research-the mechanisms explaining variation in violent delinquency within gender and variation in levels of
Self-reported delinquency and home life: Evidence from a sample of British girls
  • A. Campbell
  • Psychology
    Journal of youth and adolescence
  • 1987
Factor analysis of the 72-item Home Life Questionnaire revealed a clear four-factor structure of caring and communication, discipline, pressure and mother-daughter closeness, which cumulatively accounted for 31% of the variance in self-reported delinquency.
Juvenile Delinquency in the Netherlands: Trends and Perspectives
In the Netherlands delinquency is defined by infractions of the criminal law. So-called “status” offenses are excluded from that definition. Juvenile delinquency in the Netherlands is placed in the
Sex Differences In Crime: Do Means and Within-Sex Variation Have Similar Causes?
The mean level of delinquency is generally greater in males than in females. This article investigates whether the determinants of this mean sex difference are the same as those of delinquency
Family interaction and attachment assume prominent roles in social control theories of delinquency. However, the degree of conceptualization and the measurement strategies generally employed arguably
Mother's versus father's role in causing delinquency.
This study examines parent-child relationships and self-reported delinquent behavior in a sample of over 700 adolescents and indicates that males are more delinquent than females, and that both males and females are closer to their mother than to their father, but that closeness to father is the better predictor of delinquent behavior.
Female Juvenile Delinquency: Misunderstood by the Juvenile Justice System, Neglected by Social Science
Understanding and treatment of female and male delinquency could be enhanced through the adoption of a gender-integrated theory of delinquency that is informed by the comprehensive study of developmental, psychological, and social-ecological determinants.
Causes of Delinquency.
  • T. Hirschi
  • Law, Sociology
    British medical journal
  • 1950
In Causes of Delinquency, Hirschi attempts to state and test a theory of delinquency, seeing in the delinquent a person relatively free of the intimate attachments, the aspirations, and the moral
The Family Context of Delinquency
This paper examines the relationship between broken homes and delinquency among two samples of U.S. children interviewed in 1967 and 1972. When family context is operationalized as a simple dichotomy