Just one cigarette a day seriously elevates cardiovascular risk

  title={Just one cigarette a day seriously elevates cardiovascular risk},
  author={Kenneth C Johnson},
  journal={British Medical Journal},
Only total cessation will protect people and populations from tobacco’s toxic legacy 
Smoking and Endothelial Dysfunction.
It is concluded that even though e-cigarette could be a helpful device during the transition period of cigarette quitting, it is by no means a safe substitute. Expand
Strategies and Design of Hypnosis Intervention for Tobacco Cessation
  • M. Herring
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2019
The purpose of this article is to share approaches and program design to assist healthcare professionals trained in hypnosis help tobacco users become tobacco free. Helping tobacco users overcomeExpand
Idiopathic pulmonary "brosis beyond the lung: understanding disease mechanisms to improve diagnosis and management
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and progressive disorder with an estimated median survival time of 3–5 years after diagnosis. This condition occurs primarily in elderly subjects, andExpand
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis beyond the lung: understanding disease mechanisms to improve diagnosis and management
The careful diagnosis and treatment of comorbidities may represent an outstanding chance to improve quality of life and survival, and it is necessary to contemplate all possible management options for IPF, including early identification and treatment in patients with IPF. Expand
The "Smoker's Paradox": The Closer You Look, the Less You See.


E-Cigarettes: Use, Effects on Smoking, Risks, and Policy Implications
Rather than stimulating smokers to switch from conventional cigarettes to less dangerous e-cigarette or quitting altogether, e-cigarettes are reducing smoking cessation rates and expanding the nicotine market by attracting youth. Expand
Cardiovascular Effects of Secondhand Smoke: Nearly as Large as Smoking
The effects of secondhand smoke are substantial and rapid, explaining the relatively large risks that have been reported in epidemiological studies. Expand
Low cigarette consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: meta-analysis of 141 cohort studies in 55 study reports
Smoking only about one cigarette per day carries a risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke much greater than expected: around half that for people who smoke 20 per day. Expand
Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and ischaemic heart disease: an evaluation of the evidence
Breathing other people's smoke is an important and avoidable cause of ischaemic heart disease, increasing a person's risk by a quarter, and platelet aggregation provides a plausible and quantitatively consistent mechanism for the low dose effect. Expand
E-Cigarettes: A 1-Way Street to Traditional Smoking and Nicotine Addiction for Youth
A longitudinal study in this month’s issue of Pediatrics examined past-month cigarette and electronic cigarette use in high school students from 2013 to 2015 in Connecticut and found that having used an e-cigarette in the past month significantly and strongly predicted combustible cigarette use. Expand
Association Between Initial Use of e-Cigarettes and Subsequent Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Importance The public health implications of e-cigarettes depend, in part, on whether e-cigarette use affects the risk of cigarette smoking. Objective To perform a systematic review and meta-analysisExpand
Marijuana, Secondhand Smoke, and Social Acceptability.
The recognition that secondhand tobacco smoke causes cardiovascular disease, lung and breast cancer, and other diseases motivated passage of laws to protect people from secondhand smoke, including in Golden Gate Park, and California has achieved one of the lowest smoking rates in the United States. Expand
Association Between Smoke-Free Legislation and Hospitalizations for Cardiac, Cerebrovascular, and Respiratory Diseases: A Meta-Analysis
Smoke-free legislation was associated with a lower risk of smoking-related cardiac, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases, with more comprehensive laws associated with greater changes in risk. Expand
Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Cigarettes: Smoke by Any Other Name
A smoking device was designed and tested in the facility to capture the mainstream aerosol and developed to meet standards for common cigarettes and e-cigarettes and analyzed volatile organic compounds and nicotine by gas chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using high-performance liquid chromatography paired to a fluorescence detector. Expand
Cigarettes : Use , Effects on Smoking , Risks , and Policy Implications
  • JAMA Intern Med
  • 2018