Jurassic shift from abiotic to biotic control on marine ecological success

  title={Jurassic shift from abiotic to biotic control on marine ecological success},
  author={Kilian Eichenseer and Uwe Balthasar and Christopher W. Smart and Julian Stander and Kristian Agas{\o}ster Haaga and Wolfgang Kiessling},
  journal={Nature Geoscience},
Environmental change and biotic interactions both govern the evolution of the biosphere, but the relative importance of these drivers over geological time remains largely unknown. Previous work suggests that, unlike environmental parameters, diversity dynamics differ profoundly between the Palaeozoic and post-Palaeozoic eras. Here we use the fossil record to test the hypothesis that the influence of ocean chemistry and climate on the ecological success of marine calcifiers decreased throughout… 

Is the relative thickness of ammonoid septa influenced by ocean acidification, phylogenetic relationships and palaeogeographic position?

The impact of increasing atmospheric CO 2 and the resulting decreasing pH of seawater are in the focus of current environmental research. These factors cause problems for marine calcifiers such as

Biodiversity patterns across the Late Paleozoic Ice Age

The Late Palaeozoic Ice Age (LPIA, Famennian to Wuchiapingian) witnessed two transitions between iceand greenhouse conditions. These alternations led to drastic alterations in the marine system

Ocean acidification and photic‐zone anoxia at the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event: Insights from the Adriatic Carbonate Platform

Severe global climate change led to the deterioration of environmental conditions in the oceans during the Toarcian Stage of the Jurassic. Carbonate platforms of the Western Tethys Ocean exposed in

Calcifying Phytoplankton Demonstrate an Enhanced Role in Greenhouse Atmospheric CO2 Regulation

The impact of calcifying phytoplankton on atmospheric CO2 concentration is determined by a number of factors, including their degree of ecological success as well as the buffering capacity of the

The evolution of complex life and the stabilization of the Earth system

Cambrian solutions to Cambrian problems have had a lasting impact on the trajectory of complex life and, in turn, fundamental properties of the Earth system.

Late Jurassic – earliest Cretaceous prolonged shelf dysoxic–anoxic event and its possible causes

Abstract The Late Jurassic – earliest Cretaceous time interval was characterized by a widespread distribution of dysoxiс–anoxiс environments in temperate- and high-latitude epicontinental seas, which

Victims of ancient hyperthermal events herald the fates of marine clades and traits under global warming

Focusing on the fossil record of the last 300 million years, clades and traits of marine ectotherms are identified that were more prone to extinction under the onset of six hyperthermal events than during other times: geologically rapid episodes of global warming.

Overcoming the constraints of spiral growth: the case of shell remodelling

  • G. Vermeij
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2020
As animals grow in size, their relationship to the physical environment necessarily changes, but molluscs and brachiopods whose accretionary skeletons expand at one end of a hollow cone conform to

Ribbon rocks revisited: the upper Cambrian (Furongian) Hwajeol Formation, Taebaek Group, Korea

Alternations of thin-bedded limestone and shale, or ribbon rock, commonly occur throughout lower Palaeozoic carbonate successions; however, their formative processes are still unclear. In this study,



Testing the role of biological interactions in the evolution of mid-Mesozoic marine benthic ecosystems

Analysis of patterns of changes in global relative abundances and diversity of ecological groups to infer the role of biological interactions as driving evolutionary forces in mid-Mesozoic macrobenthic marine ecosystems concluded that in marine benthic ecosystems of the mid Mesozoic, enemy-driven evolution, or escalation, was a plausible and important factor.

Phanerozoic trends in skeletal mineralogy driven by mass extinctions

Changes in ocean chemistry that favoured the precipitation of aragonite or calcite are thought to have influenced the skeletal mineralogy of marine calcifyers. An investigation of the original

Evolutionary response by bivalves to changing Phanerozoic sea-water chemistry

Abstract Sedimentological evidence suggests that sea-water chemistryhas oscillated between ‘Aragonite’and ‘Calcite’seas during thecourse of Phanerozoic time. During ‘Calcite’sea periods arago-nite

Long‐term evolutionary and ecological responses of calcifying phytoplankton to changes in atmospheric CO2

Calcifying phytoplankton play an important role in marine ecosystems and global biogeochemical cycles, affecting the transfer of both organic and inorganic carbon from the surface to the deep ocean.

Escargots through time: an energetic comparison of marine gastropod assemblages before and after the Mesozoic Marine Revolution

Estimates of mean per capita metabolic rates of tropical to subtropical assemblages of shallow-marine gastropods both before and after the Mesozoic Marine Revolution support the hypothesis that benthic energy budgets increased during the MMR, possibly in response to rising primary productivity.

Mesozoic palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic and Tethys Oceans

  • P. H. Roth
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Geological Society, London, Special Publications
  • 1986
Summary The biogeography and preservation of calcareous nannofossil assemblages allow mapping of surface water fertility patterns and put constraints on carbonate dissolution in the global oceans of

Aragonite-calcite seas—Quantifying the gray area

Oscillations between the dominance of aragonite and calcite in abiotic marine CaCO3 precipitates throughout Earth history are closely coupled with the evolution of Earth’s seawater composition and