Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment

@article{Kunde2004JupitersAC,
  title={Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment},
  author={Virgil G. Kunde and F. Michael Flasar and Donald E. Jennings and Bruno B{\'e}zard and Darrell F. Strobel and Barney J. Conrath and Conor A. Nixon and Gordon L. Bjoraker and Paul N. Romani and Richard K. Achterberg and Amy A. Simon-Miller and P.G.J. Irwin and John C. Brasunas and John Christopher Pearl and M. D. Smith and Glenn S. Orton and Peter J. Gierasch and Linda J. Spilker and Ronald C. Carlson and Andrei Mamoutkine and Simon Calcutt and Peter L. Read and Fredric W. Taylor and Thierry Fouchet and P. D. Parrish and Antonella Barucci and R{\'e}gis Courtin and Athena Coustenis and Daniel Gautier and Emmanuel Lellouch and A. Marten and Ren{\'e}e Prang{\'e} and Yvon Biraud and Chiara Ferrari and Tobias C. Owen and M. M. Abbas and Robert E. Samuelson and François Raulin and Peter A. R. Ade and Catherine Jeanne Cesarsky and Kenneth Grossman and Angioletta Coradini},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={305},
  pages={1582 - 1586}
}
The Composite Infrared Spectrometer observed Jupiter in the thermal infrared during the swing-by of the Cassini spacecraft. Results include the detection of two new stratospheric species, the methyl radical and diacetylene, gaseous species present in the north and south auroral infrared hot spots; determination of the variations with latitude of acetylene and ethane, the latter a tracer of atmospheric motion; observations of unexpected spatial distributions of carbon dioxide and hydrogen… 
Aerosol influence on energy balance of the middle atmosphere of Jupiter
TLDR
It is shown, based on observations from the NASA spacecraft Voyager and Cassini, that gases alone cannot maintain the global energy balance in the middle atmosphere of Jupiter, and a thick aerosol layer consisting of fluffy, fractal aggregate particles dominates the stratospheric radiative heating at middle and high latitudes.
Is the Stormy Weather of Jupiter is Comparable to Earth
The atmosphere of Jupiter is mainly made of molecular hydrogen and helium. The cloud pattern as found at different Jupiter belts and the vertical structure of its atmosphere are examined indicating
Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini.
TLDR
The Cassini spacecraft orbiting Saturn carries the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) designed to study thermal emission from Saturn and its rings and moons, an indispensable part of the payload providing unique measurements and important synergies with the other instruments.
Chemical and Dynamical Processes in the Atmospheres of I. Ancient and Present-Day Earth II. Jupiter and Galilean Satellites III. Extrasolar \Hot Jupiters"
When exposed to stellar UV radiation, chemical processes will be governed not only by temperature/pressure but also the spectrum of the incoming dissociative photon flux; the system will approach
Modelling the near-infrared spectra of Jupiter using line-by-line methods
We have obtained long-slit, infrared spectra of Jupiter with the Anglo-Australian Telescope in the K and H bands at a resolving power of 2260. Using a line-by-line, radiative transfer model with the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Infrared Observations of the Jovian System from Voyager 1
The infrared spectroscopy and radiometry investigation has obtained spectra of Jupiter and its satellites between approximately 180 and 2500 cm–1 with a spectral resolution of 4.3 cm–1. The Jupiter
Thermal profiles in the auroral regions of Jupiter
The temperature structure within the northern auroral region of Jupiter is studied by reanalyzing the Voyager 1/infrared interferometer and radiometer spectrometer (IRIS) spectra. The total measured
Images of Excited H3+ at the Foot of the lo Flux Tube in Jupiter's Atmosphere
TLDR
The electrodynamic interaction between lo and the Jovian magnetosphere drives currents to and from the planet's ionosphere, where H3+ emission is excited, and data favor the unipolar inductor model of the lo interaction and provide insight into the source location and generation ofJovian decameter radio emission.
A pulsating auroral X-ray hot spot on Jupiter
TLDR
High-spatial-resolution observations demonstrate that most of Jupiter's northern auroral X-rays come from a ‘hot spot’ located significantly poleward of the latitudes connected to the inner magnetosphere, invalidate the idea that jovian auroralX-ray emissions are mainly excited by steady precipitation of energetic heavy ions from the inner Magnetosphere.
The origin of water vapor and carbon dioxide in Jupiter's stratosphere
Observations of H2O rotational lines from the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and the Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS) and of the CO2 ν2 band by ISO are analyzed jointly to determine
An intense stratospheric jet on Jupiter
TLDR
Maps of temperatures and winds with high spatial resolution, obtained from spacecraft measurements of infrared spectra of Jupiter's stratosphere, find an intense, high-altitude equatorial jet with a speed of ∼140 m s-1, whose spatial structure resembles that of a quasi-quadrennial oscillation.
The collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter: Detection and evolution of HCN in the stratosphere of the planet
We report submillimeter heterodyne observations of Jupiter taken with the JCMT during and after the infall of Comet Shoemaker‐Levy 9 into the planet. We detected the J = 4 ‐ 3 and J = 3 ‐ 2
Hydrocarbon photochemistry in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter.
TLDR
There is a great need for laboratory measurements of basic reaction rates and photodissociation quantum yields, even for such simple species as methylacetylene and allene, until such laboratory measurements exist there will be considerable uncertainty in the understanding of the C3 and higher hydrocarbons in the atmospheres of the jovian planets.
Cassini infrared Fourier spectroscopic investigation
The composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) is a remote sensing instrument to be flown on the Cassini orbiter. CIRS will retrieve vertical profiles of temperature and gas composition for the
...
...