Julius Bernstein (1839–1917): pioneer neurobiologist and biophysicist

@article{Seyfarth2005JuliusB,
  title={Julius Bernstein (1839–1917): pioneer neurobiologist and biophysicist},
  author={Ernst -August Seyfarth},
  journal={Biological Cybernetics},
  year={2005},
  volume={94},
  pages={2-8}
}
  • E. Seyfarth
  • Published 27 December 2005
  • Biology
  • Biological Cybernetics
Julius Bernstein belonged to the Berlin school of “organic physicists” who played a prominent role in creating modern physiology and biophysics during the second half of the nineteenth century. He trained under du Bois-Reymond in Berlin, worked with von Helmholtz in Heidelberg, and finally became Professor of Physiology at the University of Halle. Nowadays his name is primarily associated with two discoveries: (1) The first accurate description of the action potential in 1868. He developed a… 
A conservative revolution: Julius Bernstein and his trip toward a membrane theory. A focus on bioelectrical processes in Mid- Nineteenth Century Germany
This paper aims at illustrating the historical circumstances which led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on the resting current in muscle and nerve fibres. It was a truly
Bernstein's Long Path to Membrane Theory: Radical Change and Conservation in Nineteenth-Century German Electrophysiology
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The historical circumstances that led Julius Bernstein in 1902 to formulate a membrane theory on resting current in muscle and nerve fibers are illustrated to illustrate the truly paradigm shift in research into bioelectrical phenomena.
From Bernstein's rheotome to Neher‐Sakmann’s patch electrode. The action potential
The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the most important stages in the development of cellular electrophysiology. The period covered starts with Bernstein's formulation of the membrane
Historical perspectives.
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At the Roots of Plant Neurobiology
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This review traces historical aspects of the development of integrative plant electrophysiology and the methods that inform it, with a special emphasis on the work of Indian biophysicist Sir J.C. Bose, who proposed that plants and animals share essentially similar fundamental physiological mechanisms.
Neuroscience from a mathematical perspective: key concepts, scales and scaling hypothesis, universality
TLDR
The argument is put forth that universals also exist in theoretical neuroscience, that evolution proves the rule, and that theoretical neuroscience is a domain with still lots of space for new developments initiated by an intensive interaction with experiment.
Disciplining Physiological Psychology: Cinematographs as Epistemic Devices in the Work of Henri Bergson and Charles Scott Sherrington
  • T. Quick
  • Psychology
    Science in Context
  • 2017
TLDR
It is suggested that this experimental particularization of Bergson's contentions indicates that any adaptation of his thought for historical enquiry must be disciplinarily specific.
Questioning the Hodgkin–Huxley model
The cellular model we teach and have theorized assumes that the cell is the basic unit of multicellular living beings. This fundamental element has been the subject of many theories concerning its
Once upon a time the cell membranes: 175 years of cell boundary research
TLDR
This review will summarize the major historical discoveries and theories that tackled the existence and structure of membranes and will analyze how these theories impacted the understanding of the cell.
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It is important to know whether the characteristic relation between action potential and resting potential holds over a wide range of temperature, and the use of an internal recording electrode facilitates this study.
Julius Bernstein's Lebensarbeit
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Am 6. Februar 1917 ist za Halle a. S. der Altmeister unserer Wissensehaft J u l i u s B e r n s t e i n im 78. Lebensjahre aus unserer Mitre gesehieden, ein still und emsig Sehaffender, ein h6ehst
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Ueber den zeitlichen Verlauf der negativen Schwankung des Nervenstroms
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Untersuchungen zur Thermodynamik der bioelektrischen Ströme
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    Archiv für die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Tiere
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