Joint torque and energy patterns in normal gait.

@article{Winter1978JointTA,
  title={Joint torque and energy patterns in normal gait.},
  author={David A. Winter and Donald G. Robertson},
  journal={Biological cybernetics},
  year={1978},
  volume={29 3},
  pages={137-42}
}
Experiments were conducted on normal level gait to determine the synergistic patterns present in the forces causing joint moments and those associated with the generation, absorption and transfer of mechanical energy. The following generalizations can be made about the patterns: (i) During swing phase three forces (gravitational, muscle and knee joint acceleration) are responsible for shank rotation, and are shown to act together during both acceleration and deceleration.-(ii) The patterns of… CONTINUE READING