Joint node localization and time-varying clock synchronization in wireless sensor networks

Abstract

The problems of node localization and clock synchronization in wireless sensor networks are naturally tied from a statistical signal processing perspective. In this work, we consider the joint estimation of an unknown node's location and clock parameters by incorporating the effect of imperfections in node oscillators, which render a time varying nature to the clock parameters. In order to alleviate the computational complexity associated with the optimal maximum a-posteriori estimator, a simpler approach based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm is proposed which iteratively estimates the clock parameters using a Kalman smoother in the E-step, and the location of the unknown node in the M-step. The convergence and the mean square error (MSE) performance of the proposed algorithm are evaluated using simulation studies which demonstrate the high fidelity of the proposed joint estimation approach.

DOI: 10.1109/ICASSP.2013.6638648

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Cite this paper

@article{Ahmad2013JointNL, title={Joint node localization and time-varying clock synchronization in wireless sensor networks}, author={Aitzaz Ahmad and Erchin Serpedin and Hazem N. Nounou and Mohamed N. Nounou}, journal={2013 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing}, year={2013}, pages={5170-5174} }