An Efficient Compartmental Model for Real-Time Node Tracking Over Cognitive Wireless Sensor Networks
The problems of node localization and clock synchronization in wireless sensor networks are naturally tied from a statistical signal processing perspective. In this work, we consider the joint estimation of an unknown node's location and clock parameters by incorporating the effect of imperfections in node oscillators, which render a time varying nature to the clock parameters. In order to alleviate the computational complexity associated with the optimal maximum a-posteriori estimator, a simpler approach based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm is proposed which iteratively estimates the clock parameters using a Kalman smoother in the E-step, and the location of the unknown node in the M-step. The convergence and the mean square error (MSE) performance of the proposed algorithm are evaluated using simulation studies which demonstrate the high fidelity of the proposed joint estimation approach.