Joint Versus Sole Physical Custody: Children’s Outcomes Independent of Parent–Child Relationships, Income, and Conflict in 60 Studies

  title={Joint Versus Sole Physical Custody: Children’s Outcomes Independent of Parent–Child Relationships, Income, and Conflict in 60 Studies},
  author={Linda Nielsen},
  journal={Journal of Divorce \& Remarriage},
  pages={247 - 281}
  • Linda Nielsen
  • Published 11 April 2018
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Divorce & Remarriage
ABSTRACT Is joint physical custody (JPC) linked to any better or worse outcomes for children than sole physical custody (SPC)? How are these outcomes affected by family income, parental conflict, and the quality of parent–child relationships? Compared to SPC children in 60 studies, JPC children had better outcomes on all measures in 34 studies, equal outcomes on some and better outcomes on other measures in 14 studies, equal outcomes on all measures in 6 studies, and worse outcomes on 1 measure… Expand
Joint versus sole physical custody: Outcomes for children independent of family income or parental conflict
ABSTRACT Is joint physical custody (JPC) linked to any better or worse outcomes for children than sole physical custody (SPC) after considering family income and parental conflict? In the 60 studiesExpand
Psychological Perspectives on Joint Physical Custody
  • R. Emery
  • Psychology
  • European Studies of Population
  • 2021
This overview discusses key findings, questions, and controversies about joint physical custody (JPC) emphasizing psychological issues for research and practice. Children living in JPC are slightlyExpand
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Multilocal, dual residence or shared parenting arrangements after parental separation are increasingly discussed in many countries because they seem best suited to allow for more equally sharedExpand
Custody and Child Symptomatology in High Conflict Divorce: An Analysis of Latent Profiles.
From the parents' perspective, the profile characterized by low parental symptomatology and high coparenting, regardless of the type of custody, was related to children exhibiting less somatic, anxious, and depressive symptom atology, and aggressive behavior. Expand
Are “Part-Time Parents” Healthier and Happier Parents? Correlates of Shared Physical Custody in Switzerland
Changing legal and parental practices across Europe led to a higher share of parents practicing shared physical custody (SPC) upon separation, who tended to be more affluent and less conflict-ridden.Expand
Changes in Legal Regulations, Parental Health and Well-Being, and Children’s Physical Custody Arrangements among Post-Separation Families in Switzerland
ABSTRACT This study examines the prevalence and socio-demographic profiles of post-separation parents practicing shared physical custody (SPC) in Switzerland, and its associations with parentalExpand
Gender Differences in Parental Well-being After Separation: Does Shared Parenting Matter?
A large body of literature has examined how separation and divorce influence social and economic well-being. One consistent finding of the literature is that women and men are affected differently byExpand
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This introductory chapter provides the rationale for adopting an interdisciplinary approach to study the implications of shared physical custody arrangements for families and their members. TheExpand
Romantic Relationship Satisfaction and Parent-Infant Bonding During the Transition to Parenthood: An Attachment-Based Perspective
It is suggested that the experience of parental divorce or separation, in and of itself, does not confer increased risk for negative relational outcomes among new parents and Securely attached adults, regardless of their own parents’ marital status, report more positive relationships with their partners and infants during the early postpartum period. Expand
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In many countries, dual-residence arrangements in which children spend about equal amounts of time with both parents are increasingly common when parents split up (Berman, 2019; Smyth, 2017;Expand


Shared Physical Custody: Summary of 40 Studies on Outcomes for Children
One of the most complex and compelling issues confronting policymakers, parents, and professionals involved in making custody decisions is this: What type of parenting plan is most beneficial for theExpand
Child Adjustment in Joint Physical Custody Versus Sole Custody: A Meta-Analytic Review
ABSTRACT A meta-analysis was conducted to compare the adjustment of children in joint and sole custody. The studies included here defined joint custody as a proportion of time spent by children inExpand
Re-examining the Research on Parental Conflict, Coparenting, and Custody Arrangements
This article addresses 4 questions: First, how much weight should be given to parental conflict and the quality of the coparenting relationship in determining parenting time—specifically with respectExpand
Psychological complaints among children in joint physical custody and other family types: Considering parental factors
Psychological complaints were lower among adolescents in joint physical custody than in adolescents in sole parental care, and the difference was not explained by parental ill-health or socioeconomic variables. Expand
Child adjustment in joint-custody versus sole-custody arrangements: a meta-analytic review.
  • R. Bauserman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association
  • 2002
Children in joint physical or legal custody were better adjusted than children in sole-custody settings, but no different from those in intact families, and the results are consistent with the hypothesis that joint custody can be advantageous for children in some cases. Expand
Mental health in Swedish children living in joint physical custody and their parents' life satisfaction: A cross-sectional study
This study compared the psychological symptoms of 129 children in joint physical custody with children in single care and nuclear families, using a nationally representative 2011 survey of 1,297Expand
Self-esteem in children in joint physical custody and other living arrangements.
The self-esteem of children who share their time between their parent's respective homes after a separation does not deviate from that in their peers in nuclear families, whereas children in single care showed lower self- esteem compared with children in the other living arrangements. Expand
Fifty moves a year: is there an association between joint physical custody and psychosomatic problems in children?
Satisfaction with their material resources and parent–child relationships was associated with children's psychosomatic health but could not explain the differences between children in the different living arrangements. Expand
Joint physical custody, turning to parents for emotional support, and subjective health: A study of adolescents in Stockholm, Sweden
The study suggests that joint physical custody is associated with a higher inclination to use parents as a source of emotional support and better subjective health than other post-divorce family types. Expand
A Meta-analysis of Parental Satisfaction, Adjustment, and Conflict in Joint Custody and Sole Custody Following Divorce
The literature on parental satisfaction, adjustment, and relitigation in joint custody (JC) versus sole custody (SC) following divorce is reviewed. Findings are summarized for custody differences inExpand