Joint Impact of Smoking and Hypertension on Cardiovascular Disease and All-Cause Mortality in Japan: NIPPON DATA80, a 19-Year Follow-Up

@article{Hozawa2007JointIO,
  title={Joint Impact of Smoking and Hypertension on Cardiovascular Disease and All-Cause Mortality in Japan: NIPPON DATA80, a 19-Year Follow-Up},
  author={Atsushi Hozawa and Tomonori Okamura and Yoshitaka Murakami and Takashi Kadowaki and Koshi Nakamura and Takehito Hayakawa and Yoshikuni Kita and Yasuyuki Nakamura and Robert D. Abbott and Akira Okayama and Hirotsugu Ueshima},
  journal={Hypertension Research},
  year={2007},
  volume={30},
  pages={1169-1175}
}
Hypertension and smoking are major risk factors for death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). These attributions for CVD mortality should be higher in the countries where obesity-related conditions are uncommon. However, the joint effect of these risk factors on CVD and all-cause mortality have not been described. We followed a representative 8,912 Japanese men and women without a history of stroke and heart disease. Participants were categorized into 4 groups as follows: a group of… CONTINUE READING
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