Joining the Club: Accession to the GATT/WTO

  title={Joining the Club: Accession to the GATT/WTO},
  author={C. Davis and Meredith Wilf},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  pages={964 - 978}
Which states join international institutions? Existing theories of the multilateral trade regime, the GATT/WTO, emphasize gains from cooperation on substantive policies regulated by the institution. We argue that political ties rather than issue-area functional gains determine who joins, and we show how geopolitical alignment shapes the demand and supply sides of membership. Discretionary accession rules allow members to selectively recruit some countries in pursuit of foreign policy goals, and… Expand
Inter‐Governmental Regimes and Recruitment to Private Regimes: GATT/WTO and the ISO, 1951–2005
Scholars of international relations and public policy recognize that quasi‐private actors supply governance services alongside governmental actors. We explore how membership in the dominant tradeExpand
WTO Accession Commitments: A Law and Development Perspective
Regardless of the debates concerning the impact of the world trading system on developing countries’ “policy space,” evidence shows that a handful of these economies have been able to take advantageExpand
Environmental effects of GATT/WTO membership: an empirical evaluation
ABSTRACT One of the great questions for scholars of international relations and economics concerns the relationship between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the natural environment. DoesExpand
Oil and International Cooperation
The more that states depend on oil exports, the less cooperative they become: they grow less likely to join intergovernmental organizations, to accept the compulsory jurisdiction of internationalExpand
State Strategies Under Global Rules: Chinese Industrial Policy in the WTO Era
This dissertation examines the strategies that various actors within the Chinese state adopted in response to World Trade Organization (WTO) rules demanding farreaching modifications to China’sExpand
The forces of attraction: How security interests shape membership in economic institutions
The link between security and economic exchange is widely recognized. But when and how much do geopolitical interests matter for economic cooperation? While existing work focuses on bilateral tradeExpand
Not letting ‘bad apples’ spoil the bunch: Democratization and strict international organization accession rules
To solve their domestic and international problems, democratizing states often form new international organizations. In doing so, they face the question of institutional design: what types of rulesExpand
Nationalist in a Liberal Order: Why Populism Missed Japan
In the past few years, many wealthy democracies have exhibited significant backlash against the liberal international order. Why has Japan—also a leader of this order—remained comparatively calm? IExpand
Membership accession in the African Union: The relationship between enforcement and compliance, and the case for differential membership
ABSTRACT It is argued in this paper that the level of non-compliance is high in the Organisation of African Unity/African Union in part because the organisation failed to institute and enforce strictExpand
Who joins counter-hegemonic IGOs? Early and late members of the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
What makes states join intergovernmental organizations intended to challenge a hegemon? The China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), founded in June 2015, targets the primacy of theExpand


Trade, institutions, and the timing of GATT/WTO accession in post-colonial states
Prior to 1995, when the World Trade Organization (WTO) superseded the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a number of states took advantage of GATT Article XXVI:5(c), which allowed them—asExpand
The Divergent Effects of Joining International Organizations: Trade Gains and the Rigors of WTO Accession
Abstract Governments have joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in vastly different ways: some have taken mere days to join without undertaking any trade liberalization, while others have takenExpand
Why Do Some Countries Get Better WTO Accession Terms Than Others?
Abstract The process by which countries accede to the World Trade Organization (WTO) has become the subject of considerable debate. This article takes a closer look at what determines the concessionsExpand
International Organization as a Seal of Approval: European Union Accession and Investor Risk
Much of the literature on international institutions argues that membership regularizes expectations about members' future behavior. Using the accession of the postcommunist countries as a test case,Expand
Strategic Delaying and Concessions Extraction in Accession Negotiations to the World Trade Organization: An Analysis of Working Party Membership
Accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) is unlike accession to other global organizations. It is extremely demanding on applicant countries, time consuming and essentially power- rather thanExpand
The political economy of WTO accession: the unfinished business of universal membership
  • K. Jones
  • Political Science
  • World Trade Review
  • 2009
Abstract While the WTO now represents most of the world's population, GDP, and trade, the accession process since its founding has been lengthy, and it is getting longer. Compared to its predecessor,Expand
Trade politics in the Third World: a case study of Mexican GATT decision
In 1980 Mexico decided not to join the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Certain objective conditions formed a positive environment for Mexican adherence, but President L6pez PortilloExpand
Why the Move to Free Trade? Democracy and Trade Policy in the Developing Countries
Rising international trade flows are a primary component of globalization. The liberalization of trade policy in many developing countries has helped foster the growth of these flows. Preceding andExpand
Does Flexibility Promote Cooperation? An Application to the Global Trade Regime
Do flexibility provisions in international agreements—clauses allowing for legal suspension of concessions without abrogating the treaty—promote cooperation? Recent work emphasizes that provisionsExpand
Institutions in International Relations: Understanding the Effects of the GATT and the WTO on World Trade
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been touted as premier examples of international institutions, but few studies have offered empiricalExpand