John Dalton and the origin of the atomic theory: reassessing the influence of Bryan Higgins

@article{Grossman2017JohnDA,
  title={John Dalton and the origin of the atomic theory: reassessing the influence of Bryan Higgins},
  author={Mark I. Grossman},
  journal={The British Journal for the History of Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={50},
  pages={657 - 676}
}
  • Mark I. Grossman
  • Published 25 October 2017
  • Biology
  • The British Journal for the History of Science
Abstract During the years 1814–1819, William Higgins, an Irish chemist who worked at the Dublin Society, claimed he had anticipated John Dalton in developing the atomic theory and insinuated that Dalton was a plagiarist. This essay focuses not on William Higgins, but on his uncle Bryan Higgins, a well-known chemist of his day, who had developed his own theories of caloric and chemical combination, similar in many respects to that of Dalton. New evidence is first introduced addressing Bryan's… 

Heirs of the revolution: X-ray diffraction and the birth of the Mineralogical Society of America

Abstract The founding of the Mineralogical Society of America (MSA) in 1919 followed so closely on the heels of the discovery of X‑ray diffraction (XRD) in 1912 that one might hypothesize a causal

Through a Glass Darkly - Some Thoughts on Symmetry and Chemistry

TLDR
The different types of chiral molecule that have been identified since the first concept of the asymmetric carbon atom are introduced as is the notation used in various disciplines of chemistry to describe the relative or absolute configuration.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES

The Origin of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: Daltonian Doubts Resolved

ECENT years have seen a revival of interest in John Dalton and the origin of his chemical atomic theory, resulting in a critical reexamination of the explanations put forward around the beginning of

John Dalton and the London atomists: William and Bryan Higgins, William Austin, and new Daltonian doubts about the origin of the atomic theory

  • Mark I. Grossman
  • History
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2014
Most historians have ruled out the possibility that John Dalton was influenced by the theories of atomists William and Bryan Higgins, as well as William Austin, in developing his first table of

Bryan and William Higgins

Bryan Higgins (Collooney, Co. Sligo, 1737 or 1741–Walford, Staffs., 1818) took the external M.D. of Leyden and practised as a physician in London, where he opened a School of Practical Chemistry on 5

What did “theory” mean to nineteenth-century chemists?

Some recent philosophers of science have argued that chemistry in the nineteenth century “largely lacked theoretical foundations, and showed little progress in supplying such foundations” until

The "social chemists": English chemical societies in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century.

Accounts of scientific SOCIetIes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries have concentrated on the large, highly visible, long-surviving associations of the period 1780-1850. The vast majority of

The enlightened Joseph Priestley : a study of his life and work from 1773 to 1804

Contents List of Illustrations List of Abbreviations Preface Part I Calne, 1773-1780 1. Shelburne and Politics 2. Religion and Theology 3. "Common-Sense" and Associationism 4. Matter and Spirit 5.

A New View of the Origin of Dalton's Atomic Theory: a Contribution to Chemical History, &c La Théorie Atomique et la Théorie Dualistique Transformation des formules Différences Essentielles entre les deux théories

THE origin of the former of these two books is well explained in the following passage from the short introduction:A New View of the Origin of Dalton's Atomic Theory: a Contribution to Chemical

Science, technology, and economic growth in the eighteenth century

* Who Unbound Prometheus? Science and Technical Change, 1600-1800/ Peter Mathias. 2. The Diffusion of Technology in Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution/A E Musson. 3 Some Statistics of the

XIV. Experiments and Observations upon the Contraction of Water by Heat at Low Temperatures

  • T. Hope
  • Engineering
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • 1805
To the general law, that bodies are expanded by heat, and contracted by cold, water at the point of congelation, and for some degrees of temperature above it, seems to afford a very singular and

Laws and Order in Eighteenth-Century Chemistry

1: The background of eighteenth century chemistry. 2: Chemical affinity and attraction in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. 3: Physical theories and their reception by chemists. 4: