Johann Heinrich Lambert's Scientific Tool Kit, Exemplified by His Measurement of Humidity, 1769–1772

  title={Johann Heinrich Lambert's Scientific Tool Kit, Exemplified by His Measurement of Humidity, 1769–1772},
  author={Maarten Bullynck},
  journal={Science in Context},
  pages={65 - 89}
Argument Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728–1777) developed a very detailed theory of science and experiment. Using Lambert's hygrometric studies, this article provides an introduction to Lambert's theory and its practice. Of special interest is his well-founded theory on the emergence and definition of concepts and his neat eye for heuristics that should ultimately lead to a mathematization of physical phenomena. His use of visualizations in this context is especially remarkable. 
Conducting Observations and Tests: Lambert’s Theory of Empirical Science
Lambert’s conception of empirical knowledge that is part of scientific learning is analyzed to introduce some important theoretical tools in his theory of experience, in particular about the search for the conditions of observations and experimentations as well as the establishment of hypothesis. Expand
Coupling analysis and control of temperature and relative humidity in a drying room
  • H. Ma, W. Zhang, Simon X. Yang
  • Computer Science, Environmental Science
  • 2013 IEEE International Conference on Information and Automation (ICIA)
  • 2013
This paper analyzes the coupling influence of temperature and relative humidity in a meat-drying room, and its resulting excessive energy consumption, and shows to require a practical control system that decouples the two factors. Expand


Johann Heinrich Lambert, mathematician and scientist, 1728 – 1777
Abstract 1977 is the two hundredth anniversary of the death of Johann Heinrich Lambert, a little known but nonetheless intriguing figure in 18th century science. In the general histories of scienceExpand
Presentation of J.H. Lambert's text "Vorstellung der Großen durch Figuren" with two analyses of Lambert's practice of visual strategies in his experimental studies.
Lambert's text "Vorstellung der Grosen durch Figuren" is presented that contains his most detailed discussion on the usability of graphs in (experimental) science and is put into the broader context of Lambert's philosophical and mathematical work. Expand
J.H. Lambert's work on probability
SummaryJohann Heinrich Lambert (1728–1777) worked in different spheres of mathematics and its applications, including optics, map projections, and geodesy, and also in astronomy. In the theory ofExpand
The relationship between concept and instrument design in eighteenth-century experimental science
Summary The empiricism of eighteenth-century experimental science meant that the development of scientific instruments influenced the formulation of new concepts; a two-way process for new theoryExpand
Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress
In Inventing Temperature, Chang takes a historical and philosophical approach to examine how scientists were able to use scientific method to test the reliability of thermometers and how they came to measure the reliability and accuracy of these instruments without a circular reliance on the instruments themselves. Expand
Decimal periods and their tables: A German research topic (1765–1801)
At the beginning of the 18th century, several mathematicians noted regularities in the decimal expansions of common fractions. Rules of thumb were set up, but it was only from 1760 onwards that theExpand
A History of Factor Tables with Notes on the Birth of Number Theory 1657–1817
The history of the construction, organisation and publication of factor tables from 1660 to 1817, in itself a fascinating story, also touches upon many topics of general interest for the history ofExpand
Newton and the classical theory of probability
  • O. Sheynin
  • Medicine, Mathematics
  • Archive for history of exact sciences
  • 1970
Newton's predecessors and his influence upon subsequent scholars are dealt with, beginning with his predecessors the discussion continues with his contemporaries Arbuthnot and De Moiver, then Bentley and the section ends with Laplace, whose determinism is seen as a development of the Newtonian determinism. Expand
THE graphical presentation of experimental data in the physical sciences has several advantages which today are too familiar to require very detailed enumeration. Its greatest strength lies in theExpand
The Shaping of Arithmetic after C. F. Gauss’s Disquisitiones Arithmeticae
I. A Book's History. - C. Goldstein, N. Schappacher. II. Algebraic Equations, Quadratic Forms, Higher Congruences: Key Mathematical Techniques of the Disquistiones. - O. Neumann: The DisquisitionesExpand