Job Conditions and Personality: A Longitudinal Assessment of Their Reciprocal Effects

  title={Job Conditions and Personality: A Longitudinal Assessment of Their Reciprocal Effects},
  author={Melvin L. Kohn and Carmi and Nina Schooler},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1257 - 1286}
In earlier work, we assessed a longitudinal causal model of the reciprocal effects of the substative complexity of work and intellectual flexibility. In this paper, we greatly expand the causal model to consider sumultaneously several structural imperatives of the job and three major dimensions of personality-ideational flexibility, a self directed orientation to self and society, and a sense of distress. The analysis demonstrates that the structural imperatives of the job affect personality… 
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