Jensen's inequality predicts effects of environmental variation.

  title={Jensen's inequality predicts effects of environmental variation.},
  author={Ruel and Ayres},
  journal={Trends in ecology & evolution},
  volume={14 9},
  • Ruel, Ayres
  • Published 1999 in Trends in ecology & evolution
Many biologists now recognize that environmental variance can exert important effects on patterns and processes in nature that are independent of average conditions. Jensen's inequality is a mathematical proof that is seldom mentioned in the ecological literature but which provides a powerful tool for predicting some direct effects of environmental variance in biological systems. Qualitative predictions can be derived from the form of the relevant response functions (accelerating versus… CONTINUE READING
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