Jean-Martin Charcot´s medical instruments: Electrotherapeutic devices in La Leçon Clinique à la Salpêtrière

@article{Brigo2020JeanMartinCM,
  title={Jean-Martin Charcot´s medical instruments: Electrotherapeutic devices in La Leçon Clinique {\`a} la Salp{\^e}tri{\`e}re},
  author={Francesco Brigo and Albert Balasse and Raffaele Nardone and Olivier Walusinski},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  year={2020},
  volume={30},
  pages={94 - 101}
}
ABSTRACT In the famous painting La Leçon Clinique à la Salpêtrière (A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière) by André Brouillet (1857–1914), the neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–1893) is shown delivering a clinical lecture in front of a large audience. A hysterical patient, Marie Wittman (known as “Blanche”; 1859–1912) is leaning against Charcot’s pupil, Joseph Babinski (1857–1932). Lying on the table close to Charcot are some medical instruments, traditionally identified as a Duchenne… 
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