Jaundice: a basic review -

@article{Abbas2016JaundiceAB,
  title={Jaundice: a basic review -},
  author={Muhammad Waseem Abbas and Talha Shamshad and Muhammad Aizaz Ashraf and Rukhsar Javaid},
  journal={International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences},
  year={2016},
  volume={4},
  pages={1313-1319}
}
Jaundice is a complex disease. Jaundice is actually the high bilirubin level in the body. Yellowing of skin, mucous membranes and skin are common presentations of jaundice. Jaundice has various variants including pre-hepatic jaundice (due to hemolysis of red blood cells), hepatic jaundice (due to defect in capture, conjugation and excretion of bilirubin by liver) and post hepatic jaundice (due to the obstruction of extra hepatobiliary system). The causes of various variants of Jaundice is… Expand
Right hypochondrial pain leading to diagnosis of cholestatic jaundice and cholecystitis: a review and case study
TLDR
The gallbladder stores bile from the liver and releases it into the duodenum, causing imbalance in bile components to lead to cholelithiasis, the crystallisation of Choleliths. Expand
Right hypochondrial pain: a case study
  • 2019
This article will review the pathophysiological manifestations of a patient who acutely presented to a surgical assessment unit with severe right hypochondrial pain radiating into the right scapulaExpand
Herbal formulations for jaundice treatment in Jamalpur district, Bangladesh
TLDR
Two plant-based formulations administered by a practitioner in Jamalpur district of Bangladesh for treatment of jaundice are presented, and the scientific evidence and relevancy of the plants used by the practitioner as hepatoprotective agents and their possible therapeutic efficacy are discussed. Expand
Plants used for the treatment of icterus (jaundice) in Central India: A review.
TLDR
This review describes approximately 55 medicinal plants which are used by rural and tribal people of different area of Chhattisgarh for curing jaundice and suggests that consumption of these herbal medicines is increasing at a high speed, due to its less or no side effect and cost- effectiveness as compared to synthetic medicines. Expand
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in Autopsied Adults : Clinical , Laboratory and Immunohistochemical Evaluation for CD 68 and CD 57
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, usually fatal and underdiagnosed autoimmune-activated disease. The present study aimed to perform a macroscopic, histopathological andExpand
[Russian consensus on current issues in the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive jaundice syndrome].
The Russian consensus document on topical issues of the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive jaundice syndrome was prepared by a group of experts in various fields of surgery, endoscopy,Expand
Blood performance of jaundice catfish Clarias gariepinus.
TLDR
Results showed that blood cell levels (leucocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, and hematocrit) of jaundice catfish were lower compared to healthy catfish and transaminase enzymes in the blood serum showed high concentrations, which indicates that jaundices catfish had hyperbilirubinemia. Expand
Occurrence of common diseases among the staff of three residential halls of University of Dhaka
TLDR
Diarrhoea was prevalent among the groups who preferred food from hotel comprising the highest prevalence in Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah hall and the uppermost occurrence of jaundice was recorded among the staff of Fazlul Huq Muslim hall who used to take food from outside hotels. Expand
An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants used against Jaundice by Tea Tribes of Morigaon District, Assam (India)
TLDR
Further research is needed to investigate the phytochemistry and pharmacological effectiveness of the plant species that could be the basis for the isolation and development of some novel phyto-therapeutic active compounds in the future. Expand
Toward development of generic inhibitors against the 3C proteases of picornaviruses
TLDR
This work has targeted the 3C protease of Hepatitis A Virus, a feco‐orally transmitted virus of the family Picornaviridae, for identification of potential antivirals and identified a few compounds which could inhibit HAV 3C activity. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Jaundice in the adult patient.
TLDR
The laboratory work-up should begin with a urine test for bilirubin, which indicates that conjugated hyperbilirubinemia is present and typically proceeds to abdominal imaging by ultrasonography or computed tomographic scanning, which may help arrive at a diagnosis. Expand
Investigation of liver and biliary disease
TLDR
Patients with high concentrations of bilirubin (>100 μmol/l) or with evidence of sepsis or cholangitis are at high risk of developing complications and should be referred as an emergency because delays in treatment adversely affect prognosis. Expand
Other causes of parenchymal liver disease
TLDR
The index case was a 45 year old man who presented with cirrhosis and his brothers were asymptomatic and had no clinical abnormalities, however, the brother who had inherited two abnormal genes was found to have extensive iron loading on liver biopsy. Expand
Serum bilirubins in hepatobiliary disease: Comparison with other liver function tests and changes in the postobstructive period
TLDR
Using this criterion, the AMHPLC result in the clinical anicteric patients (n = 39) was more frequently abnormal than the corresponding value of fasting serum bile acids, SGPT, total bilirubins, alkaline phosphatase, or γ‐glutamyl transpeptidase. Expand
Hyperbilirubinemia: Current Guidelines and Emerging Therapies
TLDR
There are several exciting developments on the horizon for the diagnosis and management of hyperbilirubinemia including increasing use of transcutaneous bilirubin measuring devices and medications such as tin mesoporphyrin and intravenous immunoglobulin that may decrease the need for exchange transfusions. Expand
Correction of congenital indirect hyperbilirubinemia by small intestinal transplantation.
TLDR
Since the small intestine is known to contain small but significant amounts of a large number of predominantly hepatic enzymes, bowel transplants with known UDPGT activity partially corrected the deficiency in Gunn rats and allayed the hyperbilirubinemia. Expand
Metalloporphyrins in the management of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
TLDR
Synthetic heme analogs, metalloporphyrins, are competitive inhibitors of heme oxygenase, the rate-limiting enzyme in bilirubin production, and their use has been proposed as an attractive alternative strategy for preventing or treating severe hyperbilirubinemia. Expand
Medical palliation of the jaundiced patient with pruritus.
  • N. Bergasa
  • Medicine
  • Gastroenterology clinics of North America
  • 2006
TLDR
Because robust clinical trials have not been conducted in patients who have pruritus with cholestasis, a network connecting the services that provide care for patients (eg, hospices) may be useful for disseminating information. Expand
Hepatic oxidative alterations in patients with extra-hepatic cholestasis. Effect of surgical drainage.
TLDR
It is shown that cholestasis is associated with a decreased protein and non-protein sulfhydryl content in the liver and with an increased lipid peroxidation, and these alterations reversed almost completely after biliary drainage. Expand
Endoscopic Management of Biliary Parasitic Diseases
TLDR
The ERCP procedure is very useful in the therapy of biliary parasitic infestations and should be extended to all patients with biliary parasitosis. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...