JOHN BOWRING AND THE GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF FREE TRADE*

@article{Todd2008JOHNBA,
  title={JOHN BOWRING AND THE GLOBAL DISSEMINATION OF FREE TRADE*},
  author={David Todd},
  journal={The Historical Journal},
  year={2008},
  volume={51},
  pages={373 - 397}
}
  • D. Todd
  • Published 1 June 2008
  • Economics, History
  • The Historical Journal
ABSTRACT The international diffusion of ideas has often been described as an abstract process. John Bowring's career offers a different insight into the practical conditions that permitted a concept, free trade, to spread across national borders. An early advocate of trade liberalization in Britain, Bowring promoted free trade policies in France, Italy, Germany, Egypt, Siam, and China between 1830 and 1860. He employed different strategies according to local political conditions, appealing to… 

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