Iteroparity and Semelparity in Insects

@article{Fritz1982IteroparityAS,
  title={Iteroparity and Semelparity in Insects},
  author={Robert S. Fritz and Nancy E. Stamp and Timothy G. Halverson},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={1982},
  volume={120},
  pages={264 - 268}
}
A major area of interest in the study of life history patterns of organisms has been the evolution of the semelparous and iteroparous modes of reproduction (Cole 1954; Murphy 1968; Charnov and Schaffer 1973; Schaffer 1974a, 1974b; Stearns 1976, 1977; Bell 1976, 1980). It has been suggested that iteroparity is favored in variable environments when the probability of adult survival to the next breeding period is greater than the probability of juvenile survival to become reproductive, whereas… 
Maternal Care, Iteroparity and the Evolution of Social Behavior: A Critique of the Semelparity Hypothesis
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Iteroparity was common both among nesting species with non-overlapping broods and in species where a female produces broods of different aged offspring in the same nest (within-nest iteroparity).
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TLDR
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TLDR
It is concluded that parity should be understood as a continuum of different modes of parity, which differ by the degree to which they disperse or concentrate reproductive effort in time.
VARIABLE ITEROPARITY AS A LIFE‐HISTORY TACTIC IN THE PITCHER‐PLANT MOSQUITO WYEOMYIA SMITHII
  • W. Bradshaw
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1986
TLDR
The retention of hematophagy and facultatively augmented iteroparity in W. smithii is interpreted as a means for females developing under predictably impoverished but irregularly opportunistic conditions to reallocate and temporally diversify their reproductive effort.
Review of recent studies on reproduction in terrestrial isopods
TLDR
The reproductive strategies of seven oniscid isopod species were studied, and the onset and course of oogenesis, extent of the marsupial period, and onset and duration of manca release could be obtained.
Evolution of Social Life in Wood-Eating Cockroaches (Cryptocercus spp.) : Effects of the Winter Climate on the Evolution of Subsociality
TLDR
It is hypothesize that harsh winter and length of winter might be one of the main causes driving the appearance of the delayed development and semelparous reproduction in Cryptocercus life history.
The influence of clutch size on survival and reproductive potential of Hessian fly
TLDR
It is predicted that under high probabilities of survival and availability of host plants, females will lay smaller‐sized clutches per plant, however when the probability of survival is low and host plants scare, the female will respond by laying larger‐sized clutching.
Diversity in the New World Membracidae
TLDR
In this review, it is attempted to identify morpho­ logical, geographical, behavioral, ecological, taxonomic, and life-history patterns that characterize the extant New World membracid (treehopper) fauna.
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