It Takes a Village

  title={It Takes a Village},
  author={Michele M. Hoyman and Christopher George Faricy},
  journal={Urban Affairs Review},
  pages={311 - 333}
Richard Florida argues that the “creative class” is inextricably connected with surges in urban growth. This article, using data from 276 metropolitan statistical areas, empirically tests the creative class theory as compared to the human and social capital models of economic growth. Our results demonstrate that the creative class is not related to growth, whereas human capital predicts economic growth and development and social capital predicts average wage but not job growth. Additionally, we… 
The rural growth trifecta: outdoor amenities, creative class and entrepreneurial context
Recent work challenges the notion that attracting creative workers to a place is sufficient for generating local economic growth. In this article, we examine the problem of sustaining robust growth
Are Central Cities More Creative? the Intrametropolitan Geography of Creative Industries
ABSTRACT: This paper examines the location and growth of creative industries within metropolitan areas. In recent years, the creative industries have been increasingly sought after as potential
Creative Workforce and Economic Development in Precrisis Europe
Building on work funded by the European Spatial Planning Observatory Network 2013 Program, the article analyzes the regional development of the “creative workforce” among its active population
Educational Attainment
In today’s globalized economy, universities serve as economic growth hubs and as facilitators of higher education. However, the perils of the most recent economic crisis have caused these
A creativity-led rural renaissance? Amenity-led migration, the creative turn and the uneven development of rural Australia
This paper explores the relationships between amenity, creativity, internal migration processes and economic development in a significant proportion of rural Australia. In developing a predictive and
“From Coal to Cool”: The Creative Class, Social Capital, and the Revitalization of Scranton
ABSTRACT: This study examines the processes of revitalization within small cities, using Scranton, a postindustrial city in Northeast Pennsylvania, as a case study. Through qualitative interviews, I
Creatives after the crash
We examine recent evidence concerning the fate of creative workers since the economic crash of 2007–2008. There is some consensus that the creative economy is an important economic driver and does
Rural economic development under devolution: A test of local strategies
During the past 30 years, the federal government has transferred more responsibility for the control, development, and support of public policy to states and local communities in a process known as
Does Culture Affect Local Productivity and Urban Amenities
Does a better cultural milieu make a city more livable for residents and improve its business environment for firms? I compute a measure of cultural specialization for 346 U.S. metropolitan areas and
Smart endogenous growth: cultural capital and the creative use of skills
Purpose – Despite the growing literature aimed at explaining how cultural and artistic production feeds economic growth, the causal relationships and interplays are not investigated in depth. In the


Amenities Drive Urban Growth
Studies of the city traditionally posit a division between a city’s economy and its culture, with culture subordinate in explanatory power to work. However, post–industrial and globalizing trends are
Urban Development and the Politics of a Creative Class: Evidence from a Study of Artists
In this paper I critique the notion of ‘the creative class' and the fuzzy causal logic about its relationship to urban growth. I argue that in the creative class, occupations that exhibit distinctive
Cities and the Creative Class
Cities and regions have long captured the imagination of sociologists, economists, and urbanists. From Alfred Marshall to Robert Park and Jane Jacobs, cities have been seen as cauldrons of diversity
Social Capital and Economic Development: Well-Being in Developing Countries
Since the mid 1990s, theoretical and empirical research on how social capital affects well-being has blossomed in the field of economic development. Based on noted theoretical and empirical work in
Struggling with the Creative Class
This article develops a critique of the recently popularized concepts of the ‘creative class’ and ‘creative cities’. The geographic reach and policy salience of these discourses is explained not in
The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent
Research-driven and clearly written, bestselling economist Richard Florida addresses the growing alarm about the exodus of high-value jobs from the USA. Today's most valued workers are what economist
Economic Growth and Social Capital in Italy
We find strong convergence of per capita incomes among the Italian regions during the 1960s and 1970s. Convergence is faster, and equilibrium income levels higher, in regions with more social
Edward L. Glaeser, Review of Richard Florida's The Rise of the Creative Class
Richard Florida’s The Rise of the Creative Class is not some mere research monograph, consigned to be read by the author’s wife (under duress) and his six closest colleagues (if he’s lucky).
Is It Time to Disinvest in Social Capital
In an effort at theoretical clarification, the authors reviewed 45 recent articles reporting empirical research employing the concept of ‘social capital’. The literature is roughly equally
Civics or Structure? Revisiting the Origins of Democratic Quality in the Italian Regions
  • F. Solt
  • Political Science
    British Journal of Political Science
  • 2003
What determines the responsiveness and effectiveness of democratic governments in meeting their citizens’ needs? Based on his 1993 study of the twenty Italian regions, Robert Putnam argued that