It’s the first bites that count: Survival of first‐instar monarchs on milkweeds

@article{Zalucki2001ItsTF,
  title={It’s the first bites that count: Survival of first‐instar monarchs on milkweeds},
  author={M. Zalucki and S. Malcolm and T. Paine and C. Hanlon and L. Brower and A. Clarke},
  journal={Austral Ecology},
  year={2001},
  volume={26},
  pages={547-555}
}
Mortality of first instars is generally very high, but variable, and is caused by many factors, including physical and chemical plant characters, weather and natural enemies. Here, a summary of detailed field-based studies of the early-stage survival of a specialist lepidopteran herbivore is presented. First-instar larvae of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus, a milkweed specialist, generally grew faster and survived better on leaves when latex flow was reduced by partial severance of the… Expand
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