“There Is No Such Thing as an Accident,” Especially When People Are Drunk
- Psychology, MedicinePersonality & social psychology bulletin
Testing the hypothesis that alcohol magnifies the intentionality bias by disrupting effortful cognitive abilities found that intoxicated people interpreted more acts as intentional than did sober people, which helps explain why alcohol increases aggression.
Syntax and intentionality: An automatic link between language and theory-of-mind
Control blindness: Why people can make incorrect inferences about the intentions of others
- PsychologyAttention, perception & psychophysics
The research described in this article shows how perceptual control theory (PCT) can provide a “ground truth” for judgments about intention and its implications for psychological research and public policy are discussed.
How Much Should the People Know? Implications of Methodological Choices in The Study of Intentionality and Blame Ascriptions,
Several studies have shown that people are more likely to attribute intentionality and blame to agents who perform actions that have harmful consequences. This kind of bias has problematic…
Does intentionality decision-making depend on who you are? The role of individual differences.
Intentionality attribution is a critical ability in everyday life, necessary for attributing meaning to others’ actions. Any impairment in its ascription has been shown to produce significant…
Information-Acquisition Processes in Moral Judgments of Blame
- PsychologyPersonality & social psychology bulletin
Findings indicate that blame relies on a set of information components that are processed in a systematic order and implications for moral judgment models are discussed, as are potential roles of emotion and motivated reasoning in information acquisition.
The intentional mind and the hot hand: Perceiving intentions makes streaks seem likely to continue
- Philosophy, PsychologyCognition
When Does Knowledge Become Intent? Perceiving the Minds of Wrongdoers
In a series of experimental studies, we asked people to assign appropriate civil and/or criminal liability to individuals who cause harm with various culpable states of mind and kinds of knowledge.…
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Intention and the omission bias: omissions perceived as nondecisions.
- PsychologyActa psychologica
The results of the three experiments suggest that the basis of the omission bias is a difference in perceived causality, making the outcome of an omission appear less intended than the outcomes of a commission.
Intentional action in folk psychology: An experimental investigation
Four experiments examined people's folk-psychological concept of intentional action. The chief question was whether or not evaluative considerations--considerations of good and bad, right and wrong,…
The Folk Concept of Intentionality
Abstract When perceiving, explaining, or criticizing human behavior, people distinguish between intentional and unintentional actions. To do so, they rely on a shared folk concept of intentionality.…
The illusion of conscious will
Wegner (Wegner, D. (2002). The illusion of conscious will. MIT Press) argues that conscious will is an illusion, citing a wide range of empirical evidence. I shall begin by surveying some of his…
Motivational biases in the attribution of responsibility for an accident: A meta-analysis of the defensive-attribution hypothesis.
Wake Forest University Research concerned with motivational distortion in the attribution of responsibility for an accident is reviewed. The results of a statistical combination of 22 relevant…
Outcome bias in decision evaluation.
- PsychologyJournal of personality and social psychology
Although subjects who were asked felt that they should not consider outcomes in making these evaluations, they did so and the effect of outcome knowledge on evaluation may be explained partly in terms of its effect on the salience of arguments for each side of the choice.
The Belief in a Just World: A Fundamental Delusion
1. The Belief in a Just World.- 2. The First Experiment: The Effect of Fortuitous Reward.- 3. The Second Experiment: Observers' Reactions to the "Innocent Victim".- 4. The Third Experiment: The…