It’s no accident: Our bias for intentional explanations

@article{Rosset2008ItsNA,
  title={It’s no accident: Our bias for intentional explanations},
  author={Evelyn Rosset},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2008},
  volume={108},
  pages={771-780}
}

Tables from this paper

“There Is No Such Thing as an Accident,” Especially When People Are Drunk

Testing the hypothesis that alcohol magnifies the intentionality bias by disrupting effortful cognitive abilities found that intoxicated people interpreted more acts as intentional than did sober people, which helps explain why alcohol increases aggression.

Control blindness: Why people can make incorrect inferences about the intentions of others

The research described in this article shows how perceptual control theory (PCT) can provide a “ground truth” for judgments about intention and its implications for psychological research and public policy are discussed.

How Much Should the People Know? Implications of Methodological Choices in The Study of Intentionality and Blame Ascriptions,

Several studies have shown that people are more likely to attribute intentionality and blame to agents who perform actions that have harmful consequences. This kind of bias has problematic

Does intentionality decision-making depend on who you are? The role of individual differences.

Intentionality attribution is a critical ability in everyday life, necessary for attributing meaning to others’ actions. Any impairment in its ascription has been shown to produce significant

Information-Acquisition Processes in Moral Judgments of Blame

Findings indicate that blame relies on a set of information components that are processed in a systematic order and implications for moral judgment models are discussed, as are potential roles of emotion and motivated reasoning in information acquisition.

When Does Knowledge Become Intent? Perceiving the Minds of Wrongdoers

In a series of experimental studies, we asked people to assign appropriate civil and/or criminal liability to individuals who cause harm with various culpable states of mind and kinds of knowledge.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES

Intention and the omission bias: Omissions perceived as nondecisions

Intention and the omission bias: omissions perceived as nondecisions.

The results of the three experiments suggest that the basis of the omission bias is a difference in perceived causality, making the outcome of an omission appear less intended than the outcomes of a commission.

Intentional action in folk psychology: An experimental investigation

Four experiments examined people's folk-psychological concept of intentional action. The chief question was whether or not evaluative considerations--considerations of good and bad, right and wrong,

The Folk Concept of Intentionality

Abstract When perceiving, explaining, or criticizing human behavior, people distinguish between intentional and unintentional actions. To do so, they rely on a shared folk concept of intentionality.

The illusion of conscious will

Wegner (Wegner, D. (2002). The illusion of conscious will. MIT Press) argues that conscious will is an illusion, citing a wide range of empirical evidence. I shall begin by surveying some of his

Motivational biases in the attribution of responsibility for an accident: A meta-analysis of the defensive-attribution hypothesis.

Wake Forest University Research concerned with motivational distortion in the attribution of responsibility for an accident is reviewed. The results of a statistical combination of 22 relevant

Outcome bias in decision evaluation.

Although subjects who were asked felt that they should not consider outcomes in making these evaluations, they did so and the effect of outcome knowledge on evaluation may be explained partly in terms of its effect on the salience of arguments for each side of the choice.

Discerning intentions in dynamic human action

The Belief in a Just World: A Fundamental Delusion

1. The Belief in a Just World.- 2. The First Experiment: The Effect of Fortuitous Reward.- 3. The Second Experiment: Observers' Reactions to the "Innocent Victim".- 4. The Third Experiment: The

The infant's theory of self-propelled objects