Issues in Research on Children With Early Language Delay

  title={Issues in Research on Children With Early Language Delay},
  author={I. Yu. Tsybina and Alice Eriks-Brophy},
Some children acquire new words more slowly and start to combine words into phrases later than their typically developing peers, while having no obvious cognitive or sensory disabilities. These children's language deficits are typically restricted to language production; the receptive language abilities in most, although not all, of these children appear to develop normally. Therefore, these children are often character- ized as late talkers, children with early language delay, or children with… 
Spontaneous Recovery in Children With Expressive Language Delay
By age 2, most children have an expressive vocabulary of approximately 200 words and begin to combine these words into meaningful phrases. However, some children acquire expressive language skills
A longitudinal study of language and speech in children who were internationally adopted at different ages.
Three years after adoption, age of adoption did not influence language or speech outcomes, and most children reached age-expected language levels, although expressive syntax as measured by MLU was an area of relative weakness.
Indirect Facilitation of Speech in a Late Talking Child by Prompted Production of Picture Symbols or Signs
Results indicated that prompting either sign or picture-symbol production improved the child's speech output for target words without any direct prompts to speak, but that the two AAC strategies did not differ from one another in effectiveness at indirectly eliciting speech.
Comparison of Two Word Learning Techniques and the Effect of Neighborhood Density for Late Talkers
The investigators compared two techniques for teaching expressive vocabulary to late talkers: modeling with an expectant pause and modeling with an evoked child production. They also explored the
Frequency of Common Risk Factors in Children with Speech Delay
Results showed that the common risk factors for speech delay are anomaly, socioeconomic status ofParents and living status of parents.
The Experience of Hope for Mothers with Speech-Language Delay Children
Hope is an essential attribute for parents to build a positive perspective on children with developmental problems. Due to the importance of hope, this study explored the experience of hope for
Investigating the Narrative Skills of Late Talkers Through Sequential Picture Stories
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the abnormalities observed in the oral narrative skills of late talkers mostly caused by mental disorders while they try to comprehend
Sprachentwicklung von der U7 bis zur U7a bei Kindern mit und ohne Sprachentwicklungsverzögerungen
At the beginning the course of language acquisition has a high degree of variability and it is unclear so far, at what age language delay is of clinical relevance. The present study addresses the
Frühinterventionen bei Kindern mit Sprachentwicklungsstörungen
The review indicates that an early identification of language disabilities is possible from the age of 24 months and that parent-based language intervention seems to be an effective and economic way of early language therapy, particularly in late talkers with additional risks of language acquisition.


Narrative development in late talkers: early school age.
Children with slow expressive language development as toddlers and a control group of children with normal language development (NL) were followed to early school age, and narratives were analyzed for MLU, lexical diversity, amount of information included, proportion of complete cohesive ties, and overall stage of narrative maturity.
Verbal Interaction in Families of Normal and Expressive-Language-Delayed Children.
Developmental expressive language disorder (ELD) is a condition characterized by a delay in the development of expressive language compared with receptive language and IQ. Conditions that might
Narrative skills in 4-year-olds with normal, impaired, and late-developing language.
Children who were slow to begin talking at age 2 but who, by age 4, had moved into the normal range in basic sentence structure production showed no statistically significant differences, in terms of several of the measures of narrative ability, from either normally speaking 4-year-olds or from the group with persistent delay.
Language learnability and specific language impairment in children
  • L. Leonard
  • Linguistics
    Applied Psycholinguistics
  • 1989
ABSTRACT Theories of language learnability have focused on “normal” language development, but there is a group of children, termed “specifically language-impaired,” for whom these theories are also
Patterns Of Development in Late Talkers: Preschool Years
A group of children was identified as “late talkers” (LT) on the basis of small expressive vocabulary size at 20–34 months of age and matched to a group of normally speaking age-mates. The subjects
Language development and symbolic play in children with and without familial risk for dyslexia.
The findings suggest that children with a familial risk for dyslexia and with a history of late talking are at higher risk for delays in language acquisition than children without the familial risk.
Communication and socialization skills at ages 2 and 3 in "late-talking" young children.
The data suggest that social skills are particularly vulnerable to disruption in children with late expressive language development, even after communication skills have moved into the normal range.
Language and reading outcomes to age 9 in late-talking toddlers.
  • L. Rescorla
  • Psychology
    Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • 2002
It is suggested that slow early language development reflects a predisposition for slower acquisition and lower asymptotic performance in a wide range of language-related skills into middle childhood.
Outcomes of early language delay: I. Predicting persistent and transient language difficulties at 3 and 4 years.
Relations between language and nonverbal abilities at 2 years and outcome at 3 and 4 years within the ELD group were highly statistically significant, effect sizes were small, and classification of outcome on the basis of data on 2-year-olds was far too inaccurate to be clinically useful.