Issues in Differential Diagnosis: Phobias and Phobic Conditions

@inproceedings{Crozier2011IssuesID,
  title={Issues in Differential Diagnosis: Phobias and Phobic Conditions},
  author={Marjorie Crozier and Seth J. Gillihan and Mark B. Powers},
  year={2011}
}
The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the current status of research with respect to the clinical features, course, and prognosis of specific phobia, social phobia, panic disorder, and separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in children. In this context we will consider the salient factors involved in the differential diagnosis of these four disorders. Finally we will provide some directions for improvement in the assessment of these disorders in children. 

Tables from this paper

EFFECT OF HYPNOTHERAPY IN REDUCING PHOBIA SYMPTOMS
A phobia from the perspective of psychoanalysis is a traumatic experience of the past which is repressed into the unconscious. Hypnotherapy is used to help someone easily, quickly, effectively,Expand
A Curious Case of Flower Phobia: Anthophobia
Correspondence : Dr. Desiree Saimbi, Department of Psychiatry, St. Stephens Hospital, New Delhi. Mob : 7354547713. Email: dsaimbi@gmail.com. Fears, anxieties and specific phobias are classified asExpand
Blood Injury and Injection Phobia: The Neglected One
TLDR
The prevalence of BII phobia and associated fainting in females was slightly more than double in the males with a significant gender related effect while a low rate of obsessive compulsion disorder (OCD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) was reported. Expand
Multiple informant agreement on the anxiety disorders interview schedule in youth with autism spectrum disorders.
TLDR
It is suggested that parent and youth agreement regarding the presence of clinical levels of anxiety is markedly poor among youth with ASD, and clinicians are likely to base their diagnostic impressions on parent report, placing minimal emphasis on child report. Expand
Social anxiety among adolescents and its relation to quality of life
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of self-reported social anxiety in a community sample of Saudi adolescents and the relationship between social anxiety quality of life, and someExpand
Moderators of Impairment Agreement among Parent–child Dyads in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Inter-rater agreement for symptom impairment associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) varies between parents and children. However, extraneous variables that may influence these agreementExpand
The Determinants of Social Anxiety in Lower Secondary Education Student Athletes: A Case of Competitive Swimming Environment
TLDR
The findings suggest that participation in competitive swimming during adolescence is effective in controlling social anxiety, and that social anxiety is not associated with lower secondary education student-athlete swimmers’ anthropometric measurements, body composition, or body type. Expand
An Investigation of Attentional Bias to Threat Using the Dot Probe Task: Relation to Social Anxiety and Psychometric Characteristics
Research utilizing the dot probe task to examine attentional bias to threat in social anxiety has yielded inconsistent findings. Many manipulations have been included across dot probe studies,Expand
Understanding the Comorbidity of Asthma and Anxiety in Childhood: Characteristics, Vulnerabilities, and Treatment Implications
TLDR
This chapter discusses the treatment of Childhood Anxiety and Asthma with Rachman’s Model of Anxiety and the implications of Asthma and Anxiety Comorbidity. Expand
Soğuk korkusu kontrol edilemediğinde: frigofobisi olan iki olgu
Somatizasyon degisik olgularla iliskilendirilmekte, bu alanda yapilan cok sayida kulturel calisma somatik belirtilerin ruhsal hastaliklarin disavurumu oldugunu ve kulture bagli olarak sekillendiginiExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES
Specific phobia.
TLDR
The epidemiology, causes, and course of specific phobia of childhood and its clinical presentation are described, and the issue of comorbidity among phobic and anxiety disorders and developmental trends in the manifestation of fears are considered. Expand
THE ETIOLOGY OF PHOBIAS: A NONASSOCIATIVE ACCOUNT
Abstract Theories of the origin and maintenance of fears and phobias have had a profound influence on the kinds of treatments employed in the phobic disorders. In view of this influence, the presentExpand
Social and simple phobias in children
Abstract This study compared children who met DSM-III-R criteria for social phobia ( n = 29) and simple phobia ( n = 38) on sociodemographic, diagnostic, and clinical variables in order to provideExpand
Separation Anxiety Disorder, Overanxious Disorder, and School Refusal
TLDR
Treatments for anxiety disorder, overanxious disorder, and school refusal include contingency management, exposure-based treatment, relaxation, cognitive therapy, and pharmacologic treatment. Expand
The phenomenology of panic disorder in youngsters: an empirical study of a clinical sample.
TLDR
The panic group was found to display more frequent diagnoses of depression and greater levels of self-reported anxiety sensitivity than the non-panic group, and preliminary assessment and treatment recommendations are offered. Expand
Fears and Phobias in Children: Phenomenology, Epidemiology, and Aetiology
We examine the phenomenology, epidemiology, and aetiology of specific phobias in this brief review. In general terms, a specific phobia exists when fear of a specific object or situation isExpand
Specificity in familial aggregation of phobic disorders.
TLDR
These results support a specific familial contribution to each of the three phobia types, but conclusions are limited to cases occurring without lifetime anxiety comorbidity and do not imply homogeneity within categories. Expand
Handbook of child psychiatric diagnosis
Part 1 Overview: an historical perspective on views of child psychopathology validating diagnostic categories. Part 2 Specific diagnoses: mental retardation phobic disorders schizoid disorders ofExpand
Anxiety disorders of childhood and adolescence: a critical review.
TLDR
This review examines the anxiety disorders of childhood and adolescence (separation anxiety disorder, overanxious disorder, and avoidant disorder), including prevalence rates, demographic profiles, comparisons of clinical presentations in different developmental age groups, and comorbidity patterns. Expand
Separation anxiety and school phobia: a comparison using DSM-III criteria.
TLDR
Children with separation anxiety disorder were less likely to exhibit school refusal than children with school phobia, however, they were more likely to meet criteria for an additional DSM-III diagnosis and their mothers had a rate of affective disorders four times greater than that of mothers of children withSchool phobia. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...