Israelite Ethnicity in Iron I: Archaeology Preserves What Is Remembered and What Is Forgotten in Israel's History

  title={Israelite Ethnicity in Iron I: Archaeology Preserves What Is Remembered and What Is Forgotten in Israel's History},
  author={Elizabeth Bloch-Smith},
  journal={Journal of Biblical Literature},
  • E. Bloch-Smith
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • History
  • Journal of Biblical Literature
Earliest Israel remains terra incognita, literally and from the ground down. The Merneptah Stela Stanza VIII proclaiming Egyptian suzerainty in the southern Levant documents Israel as a noteworthy foreign enemy by the end of the thirteenth century B.C.E.1 Except for this mention, neither contemporary epigraphic nor archaeological evidence explicitly points to a latethirteenth-century B.C.E. "Israel." However, conservatively dated biblical and archaeological evidence has been invoked to attest… 

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