Isoleucine 309 acts as a C4 catalytic switch that increases ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (rubisco) carboxylation rate in Flaveria.

@article{Whitney2011Isoleucine3A,
  title={Isoleucine 309 acts as a C4 catalytic switch that increases ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (rubisco) carboxylation rate in Flaveria.},
  author={Spencer Michael Whitney and Robert E Sharwood and Douglas Orr and Sarah Jane White and Hern{\'a}n Alonso and Jeroni Galm{\'e}s},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2011},
  volume={108 35},
  pages={14688-93}
}
Improving global yields of important agricultural crops is a complex challenge. Enhancing yield and resource use by engineering improvements to photosynthetic carbon assimilation is one potential solution. During the last 40 million years C(4) photosynthesis has evolved multiple times, enabling plants to evade the catalytic inadequacies of the CO(2)-fixing enzyme, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (rubisco). Compared with their C(3) ancestors, C(4) plants combine a faster rubisco… CONTINUE READING

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