Spatial changes of extended De Martonne climatic zones affected by climate change in Iran
- J. Rahimi, M. Ebrahimpour, A. Khalili
- Theoretical and Applied Climatology. doi:10.1007…
Understanding the distribution pattern of the Fusarium species can help prevent crop diseases and large yield losses. While several approaches have been used to control soil-borne pathogens, soil solarisation has shown promising results in managing these pathogens. The main objectives of this study were to: (i) describe the biogeography of Fusarium species in four different climatic zones in Iran and (ii) explain the effect of soil solarisation on main pathogenic Fusarium species in wheat grains, beans and date palms. A total of 12 sub-samples were collected from four different climatic zones including, Rasht (humid), Zanjan (semi-arid), Isfahan (extra-arid) and Ahwaz (arid). For precise identification, molecular-phylogenetic analyses of the species were also performed. From these four sites 17 Fusarium species were recovered. F. solani complex, F. oxysporum and F. equiseti were the only species found in all four regions; whereas F. compactum, F. sambucinum and F. fujikuroi were restricted to Ahwaz, Zanjan and Rasht, respectively. Furthermore, soil solarisation treatments were applied to F. pseudograminearum, F. solani and F. oxysporum, as the main cause of root rot pathogens and wilt disease of wheat, bean and date palm, respectively. After 6 weeks of soil solarisation application, the population densities of these species were decreased from 900 to 100 CFU g−1 in F. solani, from 600 to 50 CFU g−1 in F. oxysporum and from 550 to 0 CFU g−1 in F. pseudograminearum showing a promising result in controlling soil-borne pathogens. Mycogeography of Fusarium species and the effect of soil solarisation can help improve the management control strategies of these soil-borne fungi.