Lack of correlation between deoxyribonucleotide pool sizes, spontaneous mutation rates and malignant potential in Chinese hamster ovary cells
Two classes of CHO mutants resistant to the drug 6(p-hydroxyphenylazo)-uracil have been characterized. Both classes exhibited a nutritional requirement that could be satisfied by deoxypyrimidines and uridine but not other ribopyrimidines. A biochemical investigation of these mutants revealed a structural defect in ribonucleotide reductase resulting in a two- to fourfold increase in the Km for UDP and CDP. As a consequence of this lesion, the cells had imbalanced deoxypyrimidine pools and showed an increase in the rate of spontaneous mutation to 6-thioguanine resistance but not emetine resistance.