A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs
Full-length genomes of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) isolates Cabb B-JI, CM4-184, and Bari I have been cloned in the SalGI site of plasmid pAT 153. The cloned DNAs were characterized by restriction mapping and infectivity assays. All the sites present in the virion DNAs were found in the cloned DNAs. Comparison of restriction maps with those of DNA from two other isolates which have been recently completely sequenced revealed a close relationship among the different isolates. Some of the clones appear to be faithful copies of the viral genomes and these viral inserts are infectious when inoculated into turnip plants. Various clones with deletions in the CaMV DNA have been isolated and characterized. Some of them may correspond to deletions naturally occurring in a subpopulation of the virus whereas others occurred during cloning. None of the deleted fragments are infectious when inoculated into plants. Strikingly, all the deletions overlap one or two of the specific single-stranded breaks characteristic of caulimoviruses, suggesting that sequences surrounding the breaks are not dispensable.