Isolated first rib fracture in athletes.

@article{Sakellaridis2004IsolatedFR,
  title={Isolated first rib fracture in athletes.},
  author={Timothy Sakellaridis and Athanasios Stamatelopoulos and E G Andrianopoulos and P Kormas},
  journal={British journal of sports medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={38 3},
  pages={e5}
}
Isolated fractures of the first rib are uncommon. They are caused by major blunt trauma, a violent muscular pull, or fatigue. Diagnosis is usually made by chest radiography and computed tomography. Angiography is justified when certain criteria are met. Treatment is rest and mild analgesia. Early and late complications have been reported and are treated accordingly. The purpose of this article is to report a case of first rib stress fracture in a kick boxer and review the pertinent literature. 

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