Iso- and anteiso-fatty acids in bacteria: biosynthesis, function, and taxonomic significance.

@article{Kaneda1991IsoAA,
  title={Iso- and anteiso-fatty acids in bacteria: biosynthesis, function, and taxonomic significance.},
  author={Toshi Kaneda},
  journal={Microbiological reviews},
  year={1991},
  volume={55 2},
  pages={288-302}
}
Branched-chain fatty acids of the iso and anteiso series occur in many bacteria as the major acyl constituents of membrane lipids. In addition, omega-cyclohexyl and omega-cycloheptyl fatty acids are present in several bacterial species. These two types of fatty acids are synthesized by the repeated condensation of malonyl coenzyme A with one of the branched-chain and cyclic primers by the same enzyme system. The pathway of de novo branched-chain fatty acid synthesis differs only in initial… CONTINUE READING
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