Island subsistence: hunting, trapping and the translocation of wildlife in the Western Indian Ocean

  title={Island subsistence: hunting, trapping and the translocation of wildlife in the Western Indian Ocean},
  author={Martin T. Walsh},
  journal={Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa},
  pages={113 - 83}
  • M. Walsh
  • Published 1 January 2007
  • History
  • Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa
Researchers have recently begun to re-examine the settlement of the islands of the Western Indian Ocean from multi-disciplinary perspectives that incorporate evidence from both the natural and human sciences (Blench, this volume; Hurles et al. 2005; Mitchell 2004,2005). In this and other respects the study of the maritime heritage of the Indian Ocean lags behind that of the Pacific, where the history of human colonisation is the subject of lively interdisciplinary debate (cf. Hurles et al. 2003… 
Coastal Subsistence, Maritime Trade, and the Colonization of Small Offshore Islands in Eastern African Prehistory
ABSTRACT Recent archaeological research has firmly established eastern Africa's offshore islands as important localities for understanding the region's pre-Swahili maritime adaptations and early
Continental Island Formation and the Archaeology of Defaunation on Zanzibar, Eastern Africa
With rising sea levels at the end of the Pleistocene, land-bridge or continental islands were formed around the world. Many of these islands have been extensively studied from a biogeographical
East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world
The Indian Ocean has long been a forum for contact, trade and the transfer of goods, technologies and ideas between geographically distant groups of people. Another, less studied, outcome of
Introduced mammals on Western Indian Ocean islands
Dietary Diversity on the Swahili Coast: The Fauna from Two Zanzibar Trading Locales
Comparisons with contemporaneous sites suggest that some of the patterns at Fukuchani and Unguja Ukuu are not replicated elsewhere, and diversity in early Swahili coast foodways is essential to discussions of the agents engaged in long‐distance maritime trade.
Indian Ocean Food Globalisation and Africa
While Africa has sometimes been peripheral to accounts of the early Indian Ocean world, studies of food globalisation necessarily place it centre stage. Africa has dispatched and received an
Shell Middens, Ships and Seeds: Exploring Coastal Subsistence, Maritime Trade and the Dispersal of Domesticates in and Around the Ancient Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula occupies a critical position at the intersect of several major Old World landmasses. Inland aridity and a major coastal perimeter have long made maritime activities critical to
Collagen fingerprinting traces the introduction of caprines to island Eastern Africa
The ZooMS results support an introduction of goats to island eastern Africa from at least the seventh century CE, while sheep in the authors' sample arrived one–two centuries later, demonstrating that caprines were more widespread than previously known.
Reconstructing Asian faunal introductions to eastern Africa from multi-proxy biomolecular and archaeological datasets
Faunal remains from 22 eastern African sites are analysed and biomolecular techniques applied to confirm identifications of two Asian taxa: domestic chicken and black rat, supporting a late, mid-first millennium CE introduction of these species.


Island archaeology is a well-established and increasingly active field of the wider discipline. Most studies, however, draw solely upon Pacific and Mediterranean examples, with Africa’s islands
Early Seafarers of the Comoro Islands: the Dembeni Phase of the IXth-Xth Centuries AD
Although previous volumes of Azania have carried articles and notes on Madagascar and Mozambique as well as allusions to the Comoro Islands (as in Derek Nurse's study of Swahili linguistic history in
Island Africa: The Evolution of Africa's Rare Animals and Plants
This text examines the flora and fauna of the African continent by viewing it as a complex mosaic of landlocked islands; islands which vary from isolated forests in oceans of grassland to lakes in
The Austronesians in Madagascar and Their Interaction with the Bantu of the East African Coast: surveying the Linguistic Evidence for Domestic and Translocated Animals
The Malagasy language is generally considered part of the Barito languages of Borneo and these, in turn, have recently been linked to the Sama-Bajaw group. The dispersal of the Sama-Bajaw in the
Nature‐society interactions in the pacific islands
ABSTRACT This paper focuses on nature—society interactions in the Pacific Islands before European contact about 200 years ago. It argues that the character of early interactions was decided by both
Swahili Archaeology and History on Pemba, Tanzania: A Critique and Case Study of the Use of Written and Oral Sources in Archaeology
In this chapter I explore the use of historical documents by archaeologists working on the Swahili coast of eastern Africa. I focus on one central region, Pemba-northernmost of Tanzania’s three major
Prehistoric Extinctions of Pacific Island Birds: Biodiversity Meets Zooarchaeology
On tropical Pacific islands, a human-caused "biodiversity crisis" began thousands of years ago and has nearly run its course and the current global extinction crisis therefore has historic precedent.
Zanzibar: City, Island, and Coast
IN these two bulky volumes Captain Burton gives us, after a lapse of thirteen to sixteen years, a narrative of his adventures and explorations in the island of Zanzibar, the neighbouring smaller
The island Melanesians
List of Plates. List of Figures and Tables. Preface. 1. This Island Melanesian World. Introduction: An Archaeological View. Island Melanesian Language. The Island Melanesian People. A Lapita and