Islamic and Indian Magic Squares. Part II

  title={Islamic and Indian Magic Squares. Part II},
  author={S. Cammann},
  journal={History of Religions},
  pages={271 - 299}
We have seen that in the Islamic world a magic square was far more than just a balanced array of numbers so arranged that it could produce an identical sum from each row, every column, and the two main diagonals. This was only a primary condition. The ways in which the Islamic magic squares were made, and the subtle interrelationships of the numbers within them, conveyed complex religious meanings. The same was true of the magic squares in medieval India.1 However, as the symbolism expressed 
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