Ishango revisited: new age determinations and cultural interpretations

  title={Ishango revisited: new age determinations and cultural interpretations},
  author={Alison S Brooks and Catherine C. Smith},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
The lakeshore site of Ishango in Zaïre has been interpreted as an early locus of a generalized fishing adaptation or ‘aquatic civilization’ which spread rapidly across eastern and northern Africa during the wetter climatic conditions of the early to mid-Holocene. New evidence from Ishango implies that this adaptation may have developed in the late Pleistocene and that its technology subsequently diffused to other regions where it was associated with a range of lithic styles, varying economies… 

On Microlithic Quartz Industries at the End of the Pleistocene in Central Africa: The Evidence from Shum Laka (NW Cameroon)

The rock shelter of Shum Laka, situated in the Grassfields of northwestern Cameroon, was occupied during the later Pleistocene and Holocene. Plant remains reveal that there were no drastic changes in

Archaeology in Gabon, 1886–1988

This is the first attempt at synthesis of archaeological research conducted in Gabon between 1982 and 1988. Middle Stone Age, Late Stone Age, Neolithic, Early and Late Iron Age data are discussed in

The Evidence From Shum Laka (NW Cameroon)

mains reveal that there were no drastic changes in the immediate environment of the shelter between 30,000 and 10,000 bp. The industry is microlithic during this entire period. Quartz was

The Early Later Stone Age in East Africa: Excavations and Lithic Assemblages from Lukenya Hill

The site of Lukenya Hill, Kenya, is one of the richest Later Stone Age (LSA) sites in East Africa. Its sequence documents the increasing manufacture of microlithic tools, one of the hallmarks of


At the confluence of the Nyabarongo River with the Mukungwa River, to the North of present Rwanda, there are thick alluvial sedimentary sequences, which can reach 30 m in thickness, where they are

The Later Pleistocene in the Northeastern Central African Rainforest

The reconstruction of Late Pleistocene population dynamics in the northeastern Central African rainforest is hampered by the scanty though intriguing environmental, archaeological, and human fossil

Middle Holocene Fisher-Hunter-Gatherers of Lake Turkana in Kenya and Their Cultural Connections with the North: The Pottery

During the Early and Middle Holocene, large areas of today’s arid regions in North and East Africa were populated by fisher-hunter-gatherer communities who heavily relied on aquatic resources. In

The freshwater fish of Neogene Africa (Miocene–Pleistocene): systematics and biogeography

This history of the Neogene African fish fauna is necessarily incomplete without fossil records from many regions of Africa, particularly in the west and south.



Radiocarbon Dates from West Central Africa: A Synthesis

Grâce aux recherches récentes, le nombre de dates C14 disponibles pour l'Afrique centrale s'est considérablement accru. Une synthèse critique de toutes les datations connues est présentée ici. Malgré

The Sahara in northern Mali: man and his environment between 10,000 and 3500 years bp. (Preliminary results)

This article sets forth the preliminary results of reconnaissance in a totally desertic part of the Malian Sahara, located between 19°30′ N. to 22° N. and 0° to 6° W. Pleistocene sites with Acheulian

The Prehistory of East Africa

PREHISTORIC cultures in East Africa are dated mainly by typological, faunal, and climatic correlations with other areas, chiefly Europe. This relative dating is precarious and unsatisfactory. Very

The African aqualithic

  • J. Sutton
  • Environmental Science, History
  • 1977
During the early post-Pleistocene there flourished right across the middle belt of the African continent a highly distinctive way of life intimately associated with the great rivers, lakes and

The holocene lake plain of north rudolph, east africa

  • K. Butzer
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1980
During most of the early and middle Holocene, Lake Rudolf was 75m deeper than today, flooding the Kibish Lake Plain as much as 60–100km north and northwest of the modern shore, with periodic overflow

Radiocarbon Dating of East African Lake Levels

The fluctuations of the key East African lakes discussed are summarized and a notable lack of correlations between high-latitude glacial advances or maxima and intervals of high lake levels have been demonstrated or suggested for tropical Africa, shows the introduction of new climato-stratigraphic terms such as hypothermal and interstadial of questionable value.

Holocene Sites North-East of Lake Turkana: A Preliminary Report

Summary Mr Barthelme is engaged in research for a Ph.D. degree for the University of California at Berkeley. His work, of which this is a preliminary report, has been undertaken under the auspices of

The Aquatic Civilization of Middle Africa

  • J. Sutton
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1974
Between the ninth and third millennia B.C. wetter conditions prevailed over most of Africa. Lakes and rivers were fuller and some of the internal basins were temporarily linked, especially in the

Early Archeological Evidence for Shellfish Collecting

The faunal contents of the middens suggest that the Middle Stone Age people who accumulated them utilized marine resources less intensively than their Later Stone Age successors in similar coastal settings.