[Ischemic renal disease: revascularization or conservative treatment?].

Abstract

Ischemic nephropathy is recognized as a distinct cause of renal insufficiency and it is defined as a significant reduction in glomerular filtration rate in patients with hemodynamically significant renovascular occlusive disease. We argue the epidemiologic and clinical manifestations of atherosclerotic renovascular disease, and we evaluate the pronostic agents. Published studies of the outcome of revascularization for renal-artery stenosis have been excellent, offering a durable patency and functional improvement but they have had numerous limitations. The atherosclerosis is a systemic disease and it provides the general prognosis of patients. We conclude that ischemic renal disease is a nephropathy of smoker men, with proteinuria excretion similar to nephropathy with unilateral stenosis. The age of patients is the clinical feature that decide the treatment: surgery, angioplasty/stent or medical management. Comparative analysis of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and operation for renal revascularization and medically treated patients have proved that the advanced chronic renal insufficiency is associated with an unfavourable response of treatment of the ischemic nephropathy. But, in this nephropathy the revascularization can be the better therapy for selected patients. The revascularization with angioplasty/stent for patients with unilateral renal stenosis and chronic renal insufficiency has a doubtful effectiveness, as the chronic renal failure is result of nephroangiosclerosis.

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@article{Jornet2005IschemicRD, title={[Ischemic renal disease: revascularization or conservative treatment?].}, author={Angel Rodr{\'i}guez Jornet and Jos{\'e} Ibeas and Laia Font Ribera and Javier S{\'a}nchez del Real and Joan Perendreu and Julie Falco and Joaquim Vallesp{\'i}n and Nicolas Allegue and Antonio Gim{\'e}nez Gaibar and Manuel Garc{\'i}a Garc{\'i}a}, journal={Nefrología : publicación oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia}, year={2005}, volume={25 3}, pages={258-68} }