Ischemic nephropathy.

  title={Ischemic nephropathy.},
  author={Craig F Nobert and John A. Libertino},
  journal={Current opinion in urology},
  volume={8 2},
Ischemic nephropathy is an independent pathway towards end-stage renal disease. Its prevalence is estimated to be significant and increasing among populations with vascular disease, hypertension, and chronic renal failure. Angiography remains the gold standard for evaluation of ischemic nephropathy; however, selection by clinical criteria and noninvasive screening with ultrasound are recommended for most patients. Surgical revascularization of ischemic kidneys can halt or reverse deterioration… CONTINUE READING