Is there an Optimal Shape of the Defibrillation Shock: Constant Current vs. Pulsed Biphasic Waveforms?

Abstract

Three waveforms for transthoracic defibrillation are assessed and compared: the Pulsed Biphasic Waveform (PBW), the Rectilinear Biphasic Waveform (RBW), and the “lossless” constant current (LLCC) pulses. Two indices are introduced: 1) kf = W/W0 – the ratio between the delivered energy W and the energy W0 of a rectangular pulse with the same duration and electric charge; 2) ηC = W/WC0 – the level of utilizing the initially loaded capacitor energy WC0. The envisioned comparative study shows that ηC index is favorable for both PBW and LLCC, while kf of both RBW and LLCC demonstrates advantage over the PBW in the range of small inter-electrode thoracic impedances below 80 Ω. Some design considerations are also discussed. The attractive LLCC concept needs large and heavy inductive coil to support the constant current amplitude, besides it is capable to induce strong electromagnetic influences due to the complex current control. The RBW technology controls the delivery of current through a series of internal resistors which are, however, a source of high heat losses. The PBW implements controlled duty cycle of high-frequency chopped pulses to adapt the energy delivery in respect of the patient impedance measured at the beginning of the shock. PBW technology makes use of small capacitors which allows the construction of light weight and small-size portable devices for transthoracic defibrillation. Obviously, there is no outstanding optimal defibrillation waveform, however, the PBW technology reveals some advantages.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Dotsinsky2013IsTA, title={Is there an Optimal Shape of the Defibrillation Shock: Constant Current vs. Pulsed Biphasic Waveforms?}, author={Ivan Dotsinsky and Tsvetan Mudrov and Vessela Tz Krasteva and Jecho Kostov}, year={2013} }