AIM To investigate association of kisspeptin levels in infertile women with different ovarian reserve patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this prospective cross-sectional study, 157 participants were recruited. The women were divided into three groups: (i) adequate ovarian reserve (AOR) (n = 57), (ii) high ovarian reserve (PCOS) (n = 60), (iii) diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) (n = 40). Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), body mass index (BMI), waist/hip ratio (WHR) were measured. The blood samples were analyzed for estradiol (E2), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), total testosterone (TT), 17-hydroxy progesterone (17OHP), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), antimullerian hormone (AMH), kisspeptin measurements. RESULTS FSH concentration was higher and AMH concentration was lower in DOR group (p < .001, p < .001, respectively). The mean LH, TT and DHEAS levels were higher in PCOS group (p = .001, p < .00 and p = .003, respectively). The 17OHP level did not differ among the groups (p = .15). Women with PCOS possessed the highest kisspeptin level (p = .01). The kisspeptin level was negatively correlated with FSH level (r = -0.18, p = .02) and positively correlated with TT and DHEAS levels (r = 0.17, p = .02 and r = 0.23, p = .003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS Women with PCOS had increased serum kisspeptin levels. Kisspeptin concentrations were negatively correlated with serum FSH and positively correlated with serum TT and DHEAS levels.