Is there a “Big Five” in Teamwork?

  title={Is there a “Big Five” in Teamwork?},
  author={Eduardo Salas and Dana E. Sims and C. Shawn Burke},
  journal={Small Group Research},
  pages={555 - 599}
The study of teamwork has been fragmented through the years, and the findings are generally unable to be used practically. This article argues that it is possible to boil down what researchers know about teamwork into five core components that the authors submit as the “Big Five” in teamwork. The core components of teamwork include team leadership, mutual performance monitoring, backup behavior, adaptability, and team orientation. Furthermore, the authors examine how these core components… Expand

Figures from this paper

The development of a questionnaire on the subjective experience of teamwork, based on Salas, Sims and Burke’s "the big five of teamwork" and Hackman’s understanding of team effectiveness
The main aim of this thesis was to develop a questionnaire on the subjective experience of teamwork, based on Burke, Salas, and Sims (2005) model "the big five of teamwork", and Hackman’s (1990)Expand
Teamwork on Patrol: Investigating Teamwork Processes and Underlaying Coordinating Mechanisms in a Police Training Program
The study provides new evidence in a police situation that the most important coordinating mechanism of the Big Five theory is that of shared mental models, which in turn has consequences for the type of training needed. Expand
The importance of team processes for different team types
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent to which team processes vary between team types, as well as the relative importance of these processes for different teamExpand
Understanding and improving teamwork in organizations: a scientifically based practical guide
This heuristic is designed to help those in practice diagnose team-based problems by providing a clear focus on relevant aspects of teamwork and to offer areas for future research regarding both teamwork and its critical considerations. Expand
Work team effectiveness, a review of research from the last decade (1999-2009)
Teams do not always provide the diversity of knowledge, attitudes, skills and experience required to generate an innovative response to challenges or perform according to expectations. This paperExpand
Lean-team effectiveness through leader values and members’ informing
Purpose Although empirical tests of effective lean-team leadership are scarce, leaders are often blamed when lean work-floor initiatives fail. In the present study, a lean-team leader’s work valuesExpand
Teamwork Behaviors
The existing body of literature on teamwork behaviors is substantial and offers many different conceptualizations. However, there is a lack of consensus concerning the conceptual structure ofExpand
Expert Teams: Do Shared Mental Models of Team Members make a Difference?
Whether and how familiarity influences coordination, resilience, and efficiency in high performance teams in safetycritical organizations and whether shared mental models of team members would transfer across new tasks or situations and result in improved efficiency and less physiological arousal is investigated. Expand
We're In This Together: The Role of Team Characteristics in Enterprise Process Execution and Performance
It is posited that even if teams initially perceive processes as complex, rigid, and radical, team characteristics can mitigate these perceptions and reduce their influence on performance outcomes. Expand
Mutual Performance Monitoring: Elaborating the Development of a Team Learning Theory
Preparing university graduates for the world of work must address teamness, a quality essential to working in complex and dynamic organizations. Mutual performance monitoring (MPM) highlighted as aExpand


Work teams: Applications and effectiveness.
" This article uses an ecological approach to analyze factors in the effectiveness of work teams--small groups of interdependent individuals who share responsibility for outcomes for theirExpand
Understanding team adaptation: a conceptual analysis and model.
An input-throughput-output model is advanced to illustrate a series of phases unfolding over time that constitute the core processes and emergent states underlying adaptive team performance and contributing to team adaptation. Expand
Understanding Team Adaptability: Initial Theoretical and Practical Considerations
Team adaptability is just beginning to be understood by researchers. Team training, team effectiveness, and adaptability have provided researchers with a pool of evidence that can be leveraged intoExpand
An Analysis of Team Evolution and Maturation
Abstract Although there has been little research emphasis on the temporal aspects of team development, conventional wisdom has suggested that teams develop in a linear fashion through a sequence ofExpand
Leadership and trust facilitating cross‐functional team success
Cross‐functional teams (CFTs) have increased in use within a variety of organizations. While these teams claim to enhance organizational effectiveness, research has seen mixed results. This paperExpand
Why do ‘great minds’ think alike?: antecedents of team member schema agreement
The primary contribution of the present study, as implied by the title of this paper, was to delineate and to test antecedents of team member schema agreement and their indirect effects on teamExpand
Team Leadership
In response to the challenge of assigning and conducting group projects, this article lays out a brief context for team projects and puts forth a positive vision of teams and leadership. The authorsExpand
Leadership for Self-Managing Work Teams: A Typology and Integrative Model
Many organizations are currently implementing self-managing work teams. Supervision of these teams is particularly challenging in that leaders are expected to lead others to lead themselves. GroundedExpand
A Review and Integration of Classification Systems Relevant to Teams in Organizations
Although the determinants of team effectiveness differ across team types, no taxonomy of teams has been widely accepted by researchers or practitioners. This article reviews classification schemesExpand
The Measurement of Team Mental Models: We Have No Shared Schema
This article seeks to promote the advancement of empirical research on team mental models by (a) highlighting the conceptual work that must precede the selection of any measurement tool, (b)Expand