Is there “pain” in Invertebrates?

  title={Is there “pain” in Invertebrates?},
  author={Graziano Fiorito},
  journal={Behavioural Processes},
  • G. Fiorito
  • Published 1986
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioural Processes
In contrast to nociception, the perception of pain, or pain experience, remains a subjective notion applicable to humans, but untestable with animals. Yet, when defined operationally as a physiological response induced in an animal by stimuli painful to humans, and resulting in a protective stimulus avoidance response, pain is amenable to testing with non-human subjects. This paper considers a series of examples showing responses to stimuli that are both painful (nociceptive) and responsible… Expand
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  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita
  • 2009
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  • T. Eisner, S. Camazine
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1983
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