Is there “pain” in Invertebrates?

@article{Fiorito1986IsT,
  title={Is there “pain” in Invertebrates?},
  author={Graziano Fiorito},
  journal={Behavioural Processes},
  year={1986},
  volume={12},
  pages={383-388}
}
  • G. Fiorito
  • Published 1986
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioural Processes
In contrast to nociception, the perception of pain, or pain experience, remains a subjective notion applicable to humans, but untestable with animals. Yet, when defined operationally as a physiological response induced in an animal by stimuli painful to humans, and resulting in a protective stimulus avoidance response, pain is amenable to testing with non-human subjects. This paper considers a series of examples showing responses to stimuli that are both painful (nociceptive) and responsible… Expand
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