Is the foot striking pattern more important than barefoot or shod conditions in running?

  title={Is the foot striking pattern more important than barefoot or shod conditions in running?},
  author={Yo Shih and Kuan-Lun Lin and Tzyy-Yuang Shiang},
  journal={Gait \& posture},
  volume={38 3},
People have advocated barefoot running, claiming that it is better suited to human nature. Humans usually run barefoot using a forefoot strike and run shod using a heel strike. The striking pattern was thought to be a key factor that contributes to the benefit of barefoot running. The purpose of this study is to use scientific data to prove that the striking pattern is more important than barefoot or shod conditions for runners on running injuries prevention. Twelve habitually male shod runners… Expand
Spatiotemporal characteristics of habitually shod runners change when performing barefoot running
IntroductionHabitually shod rear-foot strike (RFS) runners demonstrate changes in spatiotemporal variables when running barefoot; however, it is unknown whether these changes are a function ofExpand
Will the Foot Strike Pattern Change at Different Running Speeds with or without Wearing Shoes?
The results suggest that the foot strike preference of runners is correlated with the foot condition (barefoot or shod) rather than running speed, and runners preferred to adopt heel strike regardless of running speeds when running with shoes. Expand
Do Strike Patterns or Shoe Conditions have a Predominant Influence on Foot Loading?
The influence of strike patterns on running, particularly on plantar pressure characteristics, was more significant than that of shoe conditions and heel-toe running caused a significant impact force on the heel, whereas wearing cushioned shoes significantly reduced the maximum loading rate. Expand
Lower limb dynamics vary in shod runners who acutely transition to barefoot running.
The results indicate that habitually shod RFS runners demonstrate a variety of foot-strike and lower-extremity dynamic responses during the acute transition to barefoot running. Expand
Plantar loading and foot-strike pattern changes with speed during barefoot running in those with a natural rearfoot strike pattern while shod.
The majority of subjects ran barefoot with a NRFSP and demonstrated lower total forces and more uniform force distribution across the metatarsal regions, which may have an influence in injuries sustained in barefoot running. Expand
The purpose of this study was to determine, if running barefoot versus shod conditions over ground has any impact on kinetic variables of forefoot/mid-foot (FF/MF) versus rearfoot (RF) strikeExpand
Initiating running barefoot: Effects on muscle activation and impact accelerations in habitually rearfoot shod runners
32% of runners showed a rearfoot strike pattern at the first attempts at running barefoot, which corresponds to a running style (BRS) that led to increased muscle activation and impact accelerations and thereby to a potentially higher risk of injury compared to running shod. Expand
Are muscle activation patterns altered during shod and barefoot running with a forefoot footfall pattern?
It is suggested that wearing shoes or not is less important for muscle activation than the way runners strike the foot on the ground, and guidance for changing external forces applied on lower limbs should be pointed to the question of rearfoot or forefoot footfall patterns. Expand
Is the rearfoot pattern the most frequently foot strike pattern among recreational shod distance runners?
This is the first study to demonstrate that almost all recreational shod runners were rearfoot strikers, and the visual method of evaluation seems to be a reliable and feasible option to classify foot strike pattern. Expand
Research article, J Sport Sci Med
Barefoot, forefoot strike (FFS) running has recently risen in popularity. Relative to shod, rear-foot strike (RFS) running, employing a FFS is associated with heightened triceps surae muscleExpand


Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners
Kinematic and kinetic analyses show that even on hard surfaces, barefoot runners who fore-foot strike generate smaller collision forces than shod rear-foot strikers, and this difference results primarily from a more plantarflexed foot at landing and more ankle compliance during impact, decreasing the effective mass of the body that collides with the ground. Expand
Barefoot running claims and controversies: a review of the literature.
Although there is no evidence that either confirms or refutes improved performance and reduced injuries in barefoot runners, it seems that barefoot running may be an acceptable training method for athletes and coaches who understand and can minimize the risks. Expand
Running injuries: is it a question of evolution, form, tissue properties, mileage, or shoes?
  • W. Herzog
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Exercise and sport sciences reviews
  • 2012
The motivation for Dr. Lieberman’s thesis (1) on (barefoot) running is the fact that 30%Y70% of all runners have a running-related stress injury each year and that, despite great efforts fromExpand
A comparison of the spatiotemporal parameters, kinematics, and biomechanics between shod, unshod, and minimally supported running as compared to walking.
With a clearer understanding of running and its complexities, the physical therapist will be able to better identify faults and create informed treatment plans while rehabilitating patients who are experiencing musculoskeletal injuries due to running. Expand
Lower Extremity Mechanics in Runners with a Converted Forefoot Strike Pattern
Runners are sometimes advised to alter their strike pattern as a means of increasing performance or in response to injury. The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity mechanics ofExpand
The Barefoot Debate: Can Minimalist Shoes Reduce Running-Related Injuries?
Recently, “minimalist” running, marked by a soft forefoot strike and shorter, quicker strides, has become increasingly popular within the running community, and it is suggested that these features of barefoot-style running may lead to a reduction in injury rates. Expand
Biomechanical analysis of the stance phase during barefoot and shod running.
This study investigated spatio-temporal variables, ground reaction forces and sagittal and frontal plane kinematics during the stance phase of nine trained subjects running barefoot and shod at three different velocities to find sagittal kinematic adaptations between conditions. Expand
Barefoot-simulating footwear associated with metatarsal stress injury in 2 runners.
2 cases of metatarsal stress fracture in experienced runners whose only regimen change was the adoption of barefoot-simulating footwear are reported, alarming in that they occurred in experienced male runners without any other risk factors for stress injury to bone. Expand
Mechanical comparison of barefoot and shod running.
Barefoot running leads to a reduction of impact peak in order to reduce the high mechanical stress occurring during repetitive steps, and this neural-mechanical adaptation could also enhance the storage and restitution of elastic energy at ankle extensors level. Expand
Running Barefoot or in Minimalist Shoes: Evidence or Conjecture?
The BIOMECHANICAL DIFFERENCes BETWEEN RUNNING BAREFOOT and in SHOES that have been identified in the literature are reviewed. Expand