Is the Gulf Stream responsible for Europe's mild winters?

@article{Seager2002IsTG,
  title={Is the Gulf Stream responsible for Europe's mild winters?},
  author={Richard Seager and David S. Battisti and J. Yin and Neil D. Gordon and Naomi Naik and Amy C. Clement and Mark A. Cane},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  year={2002},
  volume={128}
}
  • R. Seager, D. Battisti, M. Cane
  • Published 1 October 2002
  • Environmental Science
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Is the transport of heat northward by the Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Drift, and its subsequent release into the midlatitude westerlies, the reason why Europe's winters are so much milder than those of eastern North America and other places at the same latitude? Here, it is shown that the principal cause of this temperature difference is advection by the mean winds. South‐westerlies bring warm maritime air into Europe and north‐westerlies bring frigid continental air into north‐eastern North… 

Climate: Cold winters from warm oceans

  • W. Boos
  • Environmental Science
    Nature
  • 2011
It is shown that oceans are indeed an important underlying cause for the temperature difference, but they identify a surprising mechanism for the phenomenon, suggesting that paradoxically, the relative coldness of North America, not the warmth of Europe, arises because of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream.

Is the Oceanic Heat Transport in the North Atlantic Irrelevant to the Climate in Europe?

It has long been believed that the transport of heat northward by the Atlantic Ocean circulation is of importance to mean/seasonal atmosphere-ocean climate, and with less certainty, to decadal

Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters

It is shown that warm ocean waters contribute to the contrast in mid-latitude winter temperatures between eastern and western continental boundaries not only by warming western boundaries, but also by cooling eastern boundaries.

The Modulation of Gulf Stream Influence on the Troposphere by the Eddy-Driven Jet

This study suggests that the Gulf Stream influence on the wintertime North Atlantic troposphere is most pronounced when the eddy-driven jet (EDJ) is farthest south and better collocated with the Gulf

Atlantic Meridonal Overturning Circulation

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is a system of currents that carries warm, shallow water northwards and returns cold, deep water southwards (Figure 1). This exchange of warm

The role of the Gulf Stream in European climate.

  • J. Palter
  • Environmental Science
    Annual review of marine science
  • 2015
This review synthesizes paleoclimate archives, model simulations, and the instrumental record, which collectively suggest that decadal and longer-scale variability of the Gulf Stream's heat transport manifests in changes in European temperature, precipitation, and storminess.

Air–Sea Interaction and the Seasonal Cycle of the Subtropical Anticyclones*

Abstract The causes of the seasonal cycles of the subtropical anticyclones, and the associated zonal asymmetries of sea surface temperature (SST) across the subtropical oceans, are examined. In all

Is Oceanic Heat Transport Significant in the Climate System

It has long been believed that the transport of heat by the ocean circulation is of importance to atmospheric climate. Circulation of the Atlantic Ocean warms and moistens western Europe, the

Air – Sea Interaction and the Seasonal Cycle of the Subtropical Anticyclones *

The causes of the seasonal cycles of the subtropical anticyclones, and the associated zonal asymmetries of sea surface temperature (SST) across the subtropical oceans, are examined. In all basins the

Sensitivity of the subpolar Atlantic climate to local winds

The mild climate of northern Europe is thought to be in part maintained by the deep water formation in the northern North Atlantic and the associated meridional overturning circulation. It has been
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES

Atlantic Air-Sea Interaction

The theory of the seasonal variability in the ocean

The annual cycle of oceanic heat storage and oceanic meridional heat transport

The global climatology of monthly heat storage and heat transport are presented using data from the Master Oceanographic Observations Data Set for the period 1949–1980. Heat storage and the rate of

Research paperSeasonal oceanic heat transports computed from an atmospheric model

Climate and the Tropical Oceans

Abstract An attempt is made to determine the role of the ocean in establishing the mean tropical climate and its sensitivity to radiative perturbations. A simple two-box energy balance model is

Estimates of Meridional Atmosphere and Ocean Heat Transports

New estimates of the poleward energy transport based on atmospheric reanalyses from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction‐National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP‐NCAR) and the

On the Existence of Storm-Tracks.

Abstract Given that middle latitude weather systems transport heat in a manner such as to weaken the baroclinicity that is thought to be crucial to their growth, it is perhaps surprising that

ON THE ANNUAL HEAT BALANCE OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE

Abstract The increased knowledge of atmospheric radiation during the last twenty years has made it desirable to re-compute the heat balance of the northern hemisphere. Insofar as possible the