Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full? A Prospective Study of Optimism and Coronary Heart Disease in the Normative Aging Study

@article{Kubzansky2001IsTG,
  title={Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full? A Prospective Study of Optimism and Coronary Heart Disease in the Normative Aging Study},
  author={Laura D. Kubzansky and David Sparrow and Pantel Vokonas and Ichiro Kawachi},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={63},
  pages={910-916}
}
Objective A sense of optimism, which derives from the ways individuals explain causes of daily events, has been shown to protect health, whereas pessimism has been linked to poor physical health. We examined prospectively the relationship of an optimistic or pessimistic explanatory style with coronary heart disease incidence in the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study, an ongoing cohort of older men. Methods and Results In 1986, 1306 men completed the revised Minnesota Multiphasic Personality… 
Pessimism and risk of death from coronary heart disease among middle-aged and older Finns: an eleven-year follow-up study
TLDR
Pessimism seems to be a substantial risk factor for death from CHD, and as an easily measured variable it might be a very useful tool together with the other known risk factors to determine the risk of CHD-induced mortality.
Dispositional Optimism Protects Older Adults From Stroke: The Health and Retirement Study
TLDR
Optimism may play an important role in protecting against stroke among older adults, and remained significant even after fully adjusting for a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, behavioral, biological, and psychological stroke risk factors.
Pessimism is associated with greater all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, but optimism is not protective
TLDR
Age-adjusted scores on the pessimism scale were associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality but not with cancer deaths, and optimism scores, which were only weakly correlated with pessimism scores, did not show significant associations with overall or cause-specific mortality.
A prospective study of positive psychological well-being and coronary heart disease.
TLDR
Positive psychological well-being was associated with a modest, but consistent reduced risk of incident CHD and the relationship was comparable for men and women, and was maintained after controlling for cardiovascular risk factors and ill-being.
Pessimism as a Risk Factor for Coronary Heart Disease
TLDR
Pessimism seemed to be a clear risk factor for coronary heart disease in men even after adjusting for classical well-known risk factors while optimism did not seem to beA protective factor.
Low Pessimism Protects Against Stroke: The Health and Social Support (HeSSup) Prospective Cohort Study
TLDR
In this population of adult men and women, low level of pessimism had a robust association with reduced incidence of stroke.
Dispositional optimism and the risk of cardiovascular death: the Zutphen Elderly Study.
TLDR
Dispositional optimism is a relatively stable trait over 15 years and shows a graded and inverse association with the risk of cardiovascular death.
Pessimism and the risk for coronary heart disease among middle-aged and older Finnish men and women: a ten-year follow-up study
TLDR
Pessimism seems to be a substantial risk factor for CHD, and as an easily measured variable it might be a very useful tool together with the well-known physiological risk factors to determine the risk for developingCHD, at least among men.
Low pessimism protects against stroke : The HeSSup prospective cohort study
TLDR
In this population of adult men and women, low level of pessimism had a robust association with reduced incidence of strokes, and no evidence to date is available of an association with the incidence of stroke.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
A prospective study of anger and coronary heart disease. The Normative Aging Study.
TLDR
Examination of the relationship of anger to CHD incidence in the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study suggests that high levels of expressed anger may be a risk factor for CHD among older men.
Depression and the risk of coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study.
Symptoms of anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease. The Normative Aging Study.
TLDR
Data suggest an association between anxiety and fatal coronary heart disease, in particular, sudden cardiac death in men reporting two or more anxiety symptoms.
Hopelessness and 4-year progression of carotid atherosclerosis. The Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study.
TLDR
It is indicated that hopelessness contributes to accelerated progression of carotid atherosclerosis, particularly among men with early evidence of atheros sclerosis, and that chronically high levels of hopelessness may be especially detrimental.
Optimists vs pessimists: survival rate among medical patients over a 30-year period.
TLDR
A pessimistic explanatory style, as measured by the Optimism-Pessimism scale of the MMPI, is significantly associated with mortality.
Hopelessness and Risk of Mortality and Incidence of Myocardial Infarction and Cancer
TLDR
It is indicated that hopelessness is a strong predictor of adverse health outcomes, independent of depression and traditional risk factors, in middle-aged men from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease study.
Depression is a risk factor for coronary artery disease in men: the precursors study.
TLDR
Clinical depression appears to be an independent risk factor for incident coronary artery disease for several decades after the onset of the clinical depression.
Pessimistic explanatory style is a risk factor for physical illness: a thirty-five-year longitudinal study.
TLDR
Pessimism in early adulthood appears to be a risk factor for poor health in middle and late adulthood and pessimistic explanatory style predicted poor health at ages 45 through 60.
Anxiety and coronary heart disease: A synthesis of epidemiological, psychological, and experimental evidence
TLDR
The strength, consistency, and dose-response gradient of the association between anxiety and CHD, together with the biologic plausibility of the experimental evidence, suggest that anxiety may contribute to risk of CHD and that the relationship warrants further investigation.
The Normative Aging Study: An Interdisciplinary and Longitudinal Study of Health and Aging
TLDR
Functional ages pertaining to various aspects of aging are being developed as a tool for assessing relative aging rates and the relationship among such differences in aging.
...
...