Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse

  title={Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse},
  author={Michelle T. Guzik and Andrew D. Austin and Steven J. B. Cooper and Mark S. Harvey and William F. Humphreys and Tessa M. Bradford and Stefan M. Eberhard and Rachael A. King and Remko Leys and Kate A Muirhead and Moya Tomlinson},
  journal={Invertebrate Systematics},
Australia was historically considered a poor prospect for subterranean fauna but, in reality, the continent holds a great variety of subterranean habitats, with associated faunas, found both in karst and non-karst environments. This paper critically examines the diversity of subterranean fauna in several key regions for the mostly arid western half of Australia. Weaimed todocumentlevelsofspeciesrichness formajortaxongroupsandexaminethedegreeof uniquenessofthefauna. We also wanted to compare the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

A Hotspot of Arid Zone Subterranean Biodiversity: The Robe Valley in Western Australia

Knowledge of subterranean fauna has mostly been derived from caves and streambeds, which are relatively easily accessed. In contrast, subterranean fauna inhabiting regional groundwater aquifers or

Extreme genetic diversity among springtails (Collembola) in subterranean calcretes of arid Australia.

The subterranean islands hypothesis for calcretes of the Yilgarn region in Western Australia applies to many stygobitic (subterranean-aquatic) species that are "trapped" evolutionarily within

Research in Calcretes and Other Deep Subterranean Habitats Outside Caves

The outstanding difference between traditional subterranean fauna studies and those carried out recently in Australia is the Australian emphasis on the fauna that occurs deep underground, but outside

Subterranean Fauna of the Arid Zone

Subterranean fauna can be divided into two broad groups – stygofauna are aquatic and occur in groundwater, while troglofauna are air-breathing and occur in the unsaturated zone from depths of a metre

Undara Lava Cave Fauna in Tropical Queensland with an Annotated List of Australian Subterranean Biodiversity Hotspots

The lava tubes at Undara became internationally recognised in the late 1980s, when 24 species of terrestrial cave-adapted invertebrates (troglobionts) were recorded from Bayliss Cave, making it one

Habitats and Diversity of Subterranean Macroscopic Freshwater Invertebrates: Main Gaps and Future Trends

Caves are the best studied aquatic subterranean habitat, but there is a wide variety of these habitats, ranging in depth below the surface and size of the spaces (pore or habitat size). Both factors

New Bathynellidae (Crustacea) taxa and their relationships in the Fortescue catchment aquifers of the Pilbara region, Western Australia

The phylogenetic reconstruction of the relationships among known lineages of the Bathynellids family in the Pilbara highlights a pattern of distribution characterized by a complex evolutionary history that does not reflect contemporary surface water catchments, suggesting a diversification that preceded the aridification processes started in the north of Western Australia during the Miocene.

Three new subterranean diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from the Yeelirrie groundwater calcretes, Western Australia, and their distribution between several calcrete deposits including a potential mine site

Three new species of stygobitic Dytiscidae are described from groundwater calcretes in the Yilgarn region of Western Australia; Paroster angustus sp. nov., Limbodessus yeelirrieensis sp. nov. and

Pilbara stygofauna: deep groundwater of an arid landscape contains globally signifi cant radiation of biodiversity

The Pilbara region was surveyed for stygofauna between 2002 and 2005 with the aims of setting nature conservation priorities in relation to stygofauna, improving the understanding of factors



Subterranean biodiversity in New South Wales: from rags to riches

The metaphor 'from rags to riches' is used to highlight the finding of a rich stygofauna that contains 38 stygobites, dominated by crustaceans and highlight its significance.

Systematics and evolution of the Australian subterranean hydroporine diving beetles (Dytiscidae), with notes on Carabhydrus

It is shown that pre-adaptations such as preference for temporary, but seasonally reliable, water and preference to live among gravel and sand along running water would have favoured transitions from surface to stygobitic life, but that large body size may have restricted the likelihood of successful transitions.

Rising from Down Under: developments in subterranean biodiversity in Australia from a groundwater fauna perspective

The emerging species richness, the fine scale patchwork of endemicity, and the distinct regional differences contribute to a substantial increase in α, β and γ diversity of the aquatic fauna, especially in arid Australia.

Shrimps Down Under: Evolutionary Relationships of Subterranean Crustaceans from Western Australia (Decapoda: Atyidae: Stygiocaris)

The findings suggest that Stygiocaris and Typhlatya may descend from a common ancestor that lived in the coastal marine habitat of the ancient Tethys Sea, and were subsequently separated by plate tectonic movements.

Diversity Patterns in the Tropics

Subterranean copepods (Crustacea, Copepoda) from the Pilbara region in Western Australia

Subterranean copepods have been studied from 160 samples (from around 150 different localities) in the Pilbara region, collected by the Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western

The invertebrate fauna of the sandstone caves of the Cape Peninsula (South Africa): patterns of endemism and conservation priorities

The temperate sandstone caves of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, support 85 cavernicolous invertebrate species across six phyla, including two blind and depigmented species of insects and spiders that were previously unknown.

Gondwanan groundwater: subterranean connections of Australian phreatoicidean isopods (Crustacea) to India and New Zealand

A subterranean adaptation before 130 million years ago was supported for hypsimetopids, consistent with a subterranean freshwater fauna surviving the presumed Oligocene inundation of New Zealand.

The subterranean aquatic fauna of the North West Cape peninsula, Western Australia.

The current stalus of the subterranean aquatic fauna on the semi-arid tropical North West Cape peninsula of Western Australia is discussed and placed in the context of the rich troglobitic fauna of

Two new subterranean Parastenocarididae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from Western Australia

Two new species of the genus Parastenocaris Kessler, 1913 are described from Australian subterranean waters, both based upon males and females, and the present state of systematics within the family Parastsenocarididae is briefly discussed.