Is the Academy a Liberal Hegemony? The Political Orientations and Educational Values of Professors

  title={Is the Academy a Liberal Hegemony? The Political Orientations and Educational Values of Professors},
  author={John F. Zipp and R. D. Fenwick},
  journal={Public Opinion Quarterly},
In the last several years, conservatives have argued that an overwhelmingly Left and liberal faculty has taken over American colleges and universities. In particular, two main claims have been advanced: (1) a disproportionate percentage of the faculty is liberal; and (2) these liberal faculty are pushing their values on students and colleagues, skewing the educational process. However, data to support these contentions come from unrepresentative institutions and/or disciplines and mistakenly… 

Tables from this paper

Why are professors liberal?
The political liberalism of professors—an important occupational group and anomaly according to traditional theories of class politics—has long puzzled sociologists. This article sheds new light on
Political Bias on Campus: Understanding the Student Experience
The role ideology plays in the university classroom has been debated since the publication of Buckley’s God and Man at Yale (1951). The Chronicle of Higher Education’s Special Report (2004) found
Liberal Versus Conservative Stinks
In a recent Public Opinion Quarterly article “Is the Academy a Liberal Hegemony?,” John Zipp and Rudy Fenwick pit themselves against “right-wing activists and scholars,” citing our scholarship (Klein
The Ideological Profile of Faculty in the Humanities and Social Sciences: A Reply to Zipp and Fenwick
ABSTRACT: In a recent Public Opinion Quarterly article “Is the Academy a Liberal Hegemony?,” John Zipp and Rudy Fenwick pit themselves against “right-wing activists and scholars,” citing our
Academic Unfreedom in America
Just as democracy appears to be fading in the United States, so is the legacy of higher education’s faith in and commitment to democracy. Higher education is increasingly abandoning its role as a
The Effects of Faculty Ideology on Changes in Student Ideology
Does the ideological leaning of an instructor influence that of the student? Does course material and structure play a role in informing student opinions on the topic? Assumption would suggest the
Teaching the Diversity Course in Conservative Times
This paper describes how conservative shifts in American political thinking can obstruct discussions about race, ethnicity and culture in so-called ―diversity‖ and multicultural courses in academic
Political Conservatism, Rigidity, and Dogmatism in American Foreign Policy Officials: The 1966 Mennis Data
Whether this finding is true in the political elite, whether the relationship is linear or curvilinear, and whether interest in politics moderates the relationship between political orientation and cognitive styles is examined.
Abstract Conservatives in the United States have grown increasingly critical of universities and their faculty, convinced that professors are ideologues from the political left. Universities, for
Investigating the Perceptions of Intellectual Diversity Among Socially Conservative Christian Seniors at Elite U.S. Colleges
ABSTRACT This study investigated the perceptions of intellectual diversity at elite U.S. universities through the lens of the socially conservative Christian senior. Closely aligned with the


The Politics of the Professors: Self-Identifications, 1969–1984
This study uses datafrom the 1969, 1975, and 1984 Carnegie surveys offaculty at U.S. colleges and universities to show that the distribution of political orientations among the professoriate changed
How Politically Diverse are the Social Sciences and Humanities? Survey Evidence from Six Fields
In Spring 2003, a large-scale survey of American academics was conducted using academic association membership lists from six fields: Anthropology, Economics, History, Philosophy (political and
How Many Democrats Per Republican at Uc-Berkeley and Stanford? Voter Registration Data Across 23 Academic Departments
Using the records of the seven San Francisco Bay Area counties that surround University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University, we conducted a systematic and thorough study of the party
Ideological Realignment in the U.S. Electorate
Using data from the 1976-1994 American National Election Studies and the 1992-94 ANES panel survey, this paper demonstrates that the outcomes of the 1994 and 1996 elections reflected a long-term
Culture War?: The Myth of a Polarized America
1. Culture War? 2. A 50:50 Nation? The Red and the Blue States. Is the Country Polarized? Red v. Blue States: A Summary. The Obvious Hypothesis. 3. A 50:50 Nation? Beyond the Red and the Blue. Is the
Illiberal Education: The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus
Charging that many American campuses are "structurally" racist, sexist, and class-biased, student activists have emposed their own political ideals on university policies concerning admissions,
Tenured Radicals: How Politics Has Corrupted Our Higher Education
Since "Tenured Radicals" first appeared in 1990, it has achieved the status of a minor classic. Trenchant and witty, it lays bare the sham of what now passes for serious teaching and research in the
Statistical abstract of the United States
1 Includes drainage basin of Red River of the North, not a part of any accession, but in the past sometimes considered a part of the Louisiana Purchase. i Includes Baker, Canton, Enderbury, Rowland,
Two-Sided Uncertainty and "Up-or-Out" Contracts
A bilateral moral-hazard problem provides a rationale for "up-or-out" employment contracts. The employer sets a wage higher than opportunity cost to induce the worker to invest in firm-specific