Is smoking a causative factor of hypertension?

@article{Narkiewicz2005IsSA,
  title={Is smoking a causative factor of hypertension?},
  author={Krzysztof Narkiewicz and Sverre E. Kjeldsen and Thomas Hedner},
  journal={Blood Pressure},
  year={2005},
  volume={14},
  pages={69 - 71}
}
Smoking is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, in particular for myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden death (1,2,3). The relationship between chronic smoking and development of hypertension is still unclear and controversial. Despite the acute pressor effect of cigarette smoking, several epidemiological studies failed to confirm an independent link between smoking and hypertension. Therefore, smoking is traditionally not considered a risk factor for hypertension development… 
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