Is self-medication with antibiotics in Europe driven by prescribed use?

@article{Grigoryan2007IsSW,
  title={Is self-medication with antibiotics in Europe driven by prescribed use?},
  author={Larissa Grigoryan and J. G. M. Burgerhof and Flora M. Haaijer-Ruskamp and John E. Degener and Reginald Deschepper and Dominique L. Monnet and Antonella Di Matteo and Elizabeth Anne Scicluna and A Bara and Cecilia St{\aa}lsby Lundborg and J. A. Birkin},
  journal={The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy},
  year={2007},
  volume={59 1},
  pages={
          152-6
        }
}
BACKGROUND Self-medication with antibiotics may increase the risk of inappropriate use and the selection of resistant bacteria. One of the triggers for using self-medication may be past experience with antibiotics prescribed by health professionals. We examined the association between prescribed use and self-medication with antibiotics. METHODS A population survey was conducted in 19 European countries, covering 15,548 respondents. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to study… 
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A Systematic Review of the Literature to Assess Self-medication Practices
TLDR
A systematic review of the literature on self-medication practices by searching, PubMed Medline and Web of Science database using the following combination of keywords - self-Medication, self-prescription, non-prescribed, were the most common sources of self- medicated drugs.
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