Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting?

  title={Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting?},
  author={Benjamin C Storm and Elizabeth Ligon Bjork and Robert A. Bjork and John F. Nestojko},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
When information is retrieved from memory, it becomes more recallable than it would have been otherwise. Other information associated with the same cue or configuration of cues, however, becomes less recallable. Such retrieval-induced forgetting (Anderson, Bjork, & Bjork, 1994) appears to reflect the suppression of competing nontarget information, with this suppression facilitating the selection of target information. But is success at such selection a necessary condition for retrieval-induced… 
Relearning can eliminate the effect of retrieval-induced forgetting.
Results suggest that retrieval-induced forgetting can be eliminated by restudy, even when the forgetting effect was produced by three rounds of retrieval practice instead of one round of retrieved items.
Successful inhibition, unsuccessful retrieval: Manipulating time and success during retrieval practice
Results support the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting and offer insight into the dynamics of how and when inhibition plays a role in retrieval.
On the durability of retrieval-induced forgetting
Information retrieved from memory becomes more recallable in the future than it would have been otherwise. Competing information associated with the same cues, however, tends to become less
Feedback increases benefits but not costs of retrieval practice: Retrieval-induced forgetting is strength independent
We examined how the provision of feedback affected two separate effects of retrieval practice: strengthening of practiced information and forgetting of related, unpracticed information. Feedback
Challenging the Contextual-Cuing Account of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Author(s): Buchli, Dorothy | Advisor(s): Bjork, Robert A; Bjork, Elizabeth L | Abstract: Most laypersons assume that remembering and forgetting occur along a single continuum. That is, to remember is
Evidence against associative blocking as a cause of cue-independent retrieval-induced forgetting.
It is demonstrated that cue-independent RIF is unrelated to the strengthening of practiced items, and thereby fail to support a key prediction of the covert-cueing hypothesis, which favors a role of inhibition in resolving retrieval interference.
Initial retrieval shields against retrieval-induced forgetting
It is suggested that initial retrieval of the learning set shields against the forgetting effect of later selective retrieval, and the results support the context shift theory of RIF.


Gone but Not Forgotten: The Transient Nature of Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Investigating some possible boundary conditions of retrieval-induced forgetting found a critical determinant of temporary forgetting was the interval between guided retrieval practice and a final recall test, which is considered in the wider context of adaptive forgetting.
Retrieval-induced forgetting: Evidence for a recall-specific mechanism
These findings argue that retrieval-induced forgetting is not caused by increased competition arising from the strengthening of practiced items, but by inhibitory processes specific to the situation of recall.
Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory.
A critical role for suppression in models of retrieval inhibition and a retrieval-induced forgetting that implicate the retrieval process itself in everyday forgetting are suggested.
Retrieval-induced forgetting in episodic memory.
Across experiments, retrieval-induced forgetting was observed for different perceptual groupings and for different cuing procedures, but the effect, however, required retrieval of information during the interpolated phase.
Semantic Generation Can Cause Episodic Forgetting
This result indicates that, first, semantic generation can cause recall-specific episodic forgetting and, second, retrieval-induced forgetting can occur even if the retrieved and nonretrieved items belong to different experiential episodes and tasks.
Retrieval-induced forgetting in an eyewitness-memory paradigm
Repeated interrogation of a witness can modify the witness’s memory-enhancing the recall of certain details while inducing the forgetting of other details-even when no misinformation is contained or implied in the questioning.
On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition: memory retrieval as a model case.
It is argued that inhibitory processes are used to resolve computational problems of selection common to memory retrieval and selective attention and that retrieval is best regarded as conceptually focused selective attention.