Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting?

@article{Storm2006IsRS,
  title={Is retrieval success a necessary condition for retrieval-induced forgetting?},
  author={Benjamin C Storm and Elizabeth Ligon Bjork and Robert A. Bjork and John F. Nestojko},
  journal={Psychonomic Bulletin \& Review},
  year={2006},
  volume={13},
  pages={1023-1027}
}
When information is retrieved from memory, it becomes more recallable than it would have been otherwise. Other information associated with the same cue or configuration of cues, however, becomes less recallable. Such retrieval-induced forgetting (Anderson, Bjork, & Bjork, 1994) appears to reflect the suppression of competing nontarget information, with this suppression facilitating the selection of target information. But is success at such selection a necessary condition for retrieval-induced… 
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