Is recurrent brief depression an expression of mood spectrum disorders in young people?

  title={Is recurrent brief depression an expression of mood spectrum disorders in young people?},
  author={Mauro Giovanni Carta and A. Carlo Altamura and Maria Carolina Hardoy and Federica Pinna and Stefania Medda and Liliana Dell’Osso and Bernardo Carpiniello and Jules Angst},
  journal={European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience},
  • M. Carta, A. Altamura, J. Angst
  • Published 1 June 2003
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Abstract. The clinical relevance of Recurrent Brief Depression (RBD) has not received sufficient attention to date and continues to represent a controversial issue. The present study was carried out in a community sample to evaluate the lifetime prevalence of RDB, the degree of comorbidity, as well as possible risk factors. Subjects from a community survey in Sardinia (Italy) were randomly selected from registers of a rural, an urban and a mining area (n=1040, 461 males, 579 females… 
Recurrent brief depression revisited
It is still not possible to deduce a treatment algorithm for RBD to date, but results of ongoing studies will soon provide the first data on the biological underpinnings of RBD.
Adjustment Disorder: epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment
The use of psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants in AD with anxious or depressed mood is not properly supported and should be avoided, while the usefulness of psychotherapies is more solidly supported by clinical evidence.
Association of chronic hepatitis C with recurrent brief depression.
Recurrent brief depression in celiac disease.
Increased risk of developing stroke for patients with major affective disorder
The main finding of this study was that patients with depression severe enough to be hospitalised, seem to be at an increased risk of developing cerebrovascular disease.
The absence of recurrence for a year since sodium valporate treatment was started, suggest a prophylactic effect of this agent on RBD.
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Temperament and character in patients with bipolar II disorder and recurrent brief depression.
Various forms of depression
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  • Psychology
    Dialogues in clinical neuroscience
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Type of depression which have recently been the focus of most research will be reviewed, and its combination of opposite polarity symptoms, has been found to be common by systematic probing for co-occurring manic/hypomanic symptoms.


[Recurrent brief depression].
Recurrent brief depression is typically characterized by monthly occurring short-lived depressive episodes, with an erratic, relapsing and chronic course and significant suicide risk.
Depression in the community: a comparison of treated and non-treated cases in two non-referred samples
Female sex, greater age, higher severity of episodes, manic or hypomanic episodes recurrent course, and introverted and anancastic personality were factors increasing the rate of treated cases in both samples, as well as familial loading with treated depression.
Age and recognition of depression: implications for a cohort effect in major depression
To test whether age was related to the recognition of major depression as a mental problem, responses from 152 randomly selected community residents on whether a vignette describing DSM-III major depression represented a psychological or emotional problem were analysed.
Age‐Related Differences in the Symptomatic Expression of Major Depression
It is possible that psychological maturation or other age-related factors reduce vulnerability to low self-esteem during episodes of clinical depression; however, selection bias or a cohort effect cannot be ruled out with the current methodology.
The history and concept of recurrent brief depression
  • J. Angst
  • Psychology
    European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
  • 2005
Although the diagnostic concept of recurrent brief depression (RBD) is relatively recent (Angst and Dobler-Mikola 1984, 1985), episodes of brief depression have been documented since the 19th
Epidemiology of DSM‐III‐R major depression and minor depression among adolescents and young adults in the national comorbidity survey
Number of prior disorders was more important than type of disorders in predicting subsequent depression, raising the possibility that secondary depression is a nonspecific severity marker for earlier disorders.
Onset of major depression in early adulthood. Increased familial loading and specificity.
More studies will be needed to sort out secular changes in the rates of the occurrence of major depression among young persons (cohort effect) from the high familial loading ofmajor depression that has its onset in childhood and adolescence, and to determine whether the specificity of transmission of early-onset depression is the result of a single homogeneous disorder.