Is prolonged grief distinct from bereavement-related posttraumatic stress?

  title={Is prolonged grief distinct from bereavement-related posttraumatic stress?},
  author={Ann-Marie Golden and T. Dalgleish},
  journal={Psychiatry Research},

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, and Prolonged Grief Disorder in Families Bereaved by a Traumatic Workplace Death: The Need for Satisfactory Information and Support

Of the related information and support variables, having satisfactory support from family, support from a person to help navigate the post-death formalities, and satisfactory information about the death were associated with a decreased risk of probable PTSD, MDD, and PGD, respectively.

DSM-5-TR prolonged grief disorder and DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder are related, yet distinct: confirmatory factor analyses in traumatically bereaved people

Support is provided that PGD constitutes a syndrome distinguishable from, yet related with, PTSD, in people confronted with a traumatic loss.

Psychometric Evaluation of the Swedish Version of the Prolonged Grief Disorder-13 (PG-13) in a Bereaved Mixed Trauma Sample

The Swedish PG-13 demonstrated good psychometric properties, and its use in research and practice to assess prolonged grief was supported, with the factor analyses provided stronger support for models with two or three factors, as compared with a unidimensional model of prolonged grief.

The psychopathological characteristics of prolonged grief

The main clinical features of PG, the determinants associated with the severity of PG symptoms, the risk factors that may predispose an individual to develop PG and the efficacy of different preventive and treatment approaches, including psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions are discussed.

Posttraumatic Symptoms and Change of Complicated Grief among Bereaved Families of the Sewol Ferry Disaster: One Year Follow-up Study

It is important to evaluate changes in severity of PTSD and its treatment during management of CG, especially when it involves bereaved families experiencing a traumatic accident.

Symptoms of prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress following loss: A latent class analysis

Findings in this study have implications for understanding co-occurrence of prolonged grief disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following bereavement and are consistent with theoretical models highlighting the importance of negative self-related beliefs in prolonged grief Disorder.



Traumatic grief as a disorder distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety: a replication study with bereaved mental health care patients.

These results confirm the previous finding of a distinction between symptoms of traumatic grief and symptoms of bereavement-related depression and anxiety.

Complicated grief and bereavement-related depression as distinct disorders: preliminary empirical validation in elderly bereaved spouses.

The symptoms of complicated grief appear to define a unique disorder deserving of specialized treatment and appear to be associated with enduring functional impairments.

Complicated grief as a disorder distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety: a replication study.

The results confirmed the authors' previous findings demonstrating the distinction between symptoms of complicated grief and symptoms of bereavement-related depression and anxiety.

Inventory of complicated grief: A scale to measure maladaptive symptoms of loss

The influence of symptoms of prolonged grief disorder, depression, and anxiety on quality of life among bereaved adults

PGD (defined according to the newest criteria) is found to be distinct from depression and anxiety and to be predictive of reduced quality of life and mental health.

Is there more to complicated grief than depression and posttraumatic stress disorder? A test of incremental validity.

With depression and PTSD controlled, grief emerged as a unique predictor of functioning, both cross-sectionally and prospectively, providing convergent support for the incremental validity of complicated grief as an independent marker of bereavement-related psychopathology.

Gender differences in the effects of bereavement-related psychological distress in health outcomes.

The results suggest that there are gender differences in the levels of psychological symptoms resulting from bereavement and in their effects on subsequent mental and physical health for widows and widowers.

Anxiety among widowed elders: is it distinct from depression and grief?

There is a need for more specific identification and treatment of anxiety, depression and grief symptoms within the context of late-life spousal bereavement.

Comorbidity of axis I disorders in patients with traumatic grief.

Comorbid major depressive disorder and PTSD may be prevalent in patients presenting for treatment of traumatic grief, and ICG scores and functional impairment were higher among patients with more than one concurrent Axis I diagnosis.

A case for establishing complicated grief as a distinct mental disorder in DSM-V.